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A country of eastern Asia consisting of the Philippine Islands, an archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean southeast of China. Inhabited by Malays and various indigenous groups, the islands were the first land in Asia sighted by Magellan's expedition in 1521 and were colonized by the Spanish after 1565. They came under US control in 1898 after the Spanish-American War. A commonwealth was created in 1935 and full independence achieved in 1946. The islands were occupied by Japan during much of World War II. Political turmoil led to the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos after 1965 and his exile in 1986 following the election of Corazón Aquino. Manila is the capital and Quezon City is the largest city.
(Placename) Republic of the Philippines (functioning as singular) a republic in SE Asia, occupying an archipelago of about 7100 islands (including Luzon, Mindanao, Samar, and Negros): became a Spanish colony in 1571 but ceded to the US in 1898 after the Spanish-American War; gained independence in 1946. The islands are generally mountainous and volcanic. Official languages: Filipino, based on Tagalog, and English. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: peso. Capital: Manila. Pop: 105 720 644 (2013 est). Area: 300 076 sq km (115 860 sq miles).
Phil•ip•pines(ˈfɪl əˌpinz, ˌfɪl əˈpinz)
an archipelago of 7083 islands in the Pacific, SE of China: formerly (1898–1946) under the guardianship of the U.S.; now an independent republic. 79,345,812; 115,831 sq. mi. (300,000 sq. km). Cap.: Manila. Also called Phil′ippine Is′lands. Official name, Republic of the Philippines.
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|Noun||1.||Philippines - a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence from the United States in 1946|
Manila Bay - a naval battle in the Spanish-American War (1898); the American fleet under Admiral Dewey defeated the Spanish fleet
adobo - a dish of marinated vegetables and meat or fish; served with rice
Abu Sayyaf, Bearer of the Sword - a small gang of terrorist thugs claiming to seek a separate Islamic state for the Muslim minority in the Philippines; uses bombing and assassination and extortion and kidnapping; "In 2001 Abu Sayyaf kidnapped twenty people and beheaded one of the American captives"
ABB, Alex Boncayao Brigade, Revolutionary Proletarian Army, RPA-ABB - an urban hit squad and guerrilla group of the Communist Party in the Philippines; formed in the 1980s
Moro Islamic Liberation Front - a terrorist group in the southern Philippines formed in 1977 to establish an independent Islamic state for the Moros; have clashed with troops at United States bases
New People's Army, NPA - a terrorist organization that is the militant wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines; a Maoist organization formed to overthrow the government; uses hit squads called Sparrow Units; opposes United States military presence in the Philippines
Pentagon Gang - a Filipino terrorist group that broke away from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in 2001 in order to continue terrorism and kidnapping and extortion
ASEAN, Association of Southeast Asian Nations - an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism
Southeast Asia - a geographical division of Asia that includes Indochina plus Indonesia and the Philippines and Singapore
Philippine Islands, Philippines - an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some 7000 islands
capital of the Philippines, Manila - the capital and largest city of the Philippines; located on southern Luzon
Caloocan - a suburb of Manila in southwestern Luzon
Quezon City - city on Luzon adjoining Manila
Filipino - a native or inhabitant of the Philippines
|2.||Philippines - an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some 7000 islands|
Bataan, Corregidor - the peninsula and island in the Philippines where Japanese forces besieged American forces in World War II; United States forces surrendered in 1942 and recaptured the area in 1945
Leyte, Leyte invasion, Leyte Island - a battle in World War II; the return of United States troops to the Philippines began with landings on Leyte Island in October 1944; the battle marked first use of kamikaze aircraft by the Japanese
Cebu - one of the Visayan islands of the central Philippines; important for its fine harbor
Luzon - the main island of the Philippines
Mindanao - the second largest island of the Philippines at the southern end of the archipelago; mountainous and volcanic
Mindoro - a mountainous island in the central Philippines
Philippines, Republic of the Philippines - a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence from the United States in 1946
Tagalog - a member of a people native to the Philippines chiefly inhabiting central Luzon around and including Manila
the Philippines → les Philippines fpl
pl → Philippinen pl