idealism

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i·de·al·ism

 (ī-dē′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. The act or practice of envisioning things in an ideal and often impractical form.
2. Pursuit of one's ideals, often without regard to practical ends.
3. Idealized treatment of a subject in literature or art.
4. Philosophy The theory that the object of external perception, in itself or as perceived, consists of ideas.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

idealism

(aɪˈdɪəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. belief in or pursuance of ideals
2. the tendency to represent things in their ideal forms, rather than as they are
3. (Philosophy) any of a group of philosophical doctrines that share the monistic view that material objects and the external world do not exist in reality independently of the human mind but are variously creations of the mind or constructs of ideas. Compare materialism2, dualism2
iˈdealist n
iˌdealˈistic adj
iˌdealˈistically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

i•de•al•ism

(aɪˈdi əˌlɪz əm)

n.
1. the cherishing or pursuit of high or noble principles, purposes, or goals.
2. the practice of idealizing.
3. something idealized; an ideal representation.
4. treatment of subject matter, as in art, in which a mental conception of beauty or form is stressed.
5. any philosophical system or theory that maintains that the real is of the nature of thought or that the object of external perception consists of ideas.
[1790–1800]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

idealism

any system or theory that maintains that the real is of the nature of thought or that the object of external perception consists of ideas. Cf. realism.idealist, n.idealistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Idealism

 

bullish Optimistic, hopeful, confident. In the world of finance, a “bull” is an investor who speculates in stocks or commodities in anticipation of a profit to be realized when the market prices increase. Thus, the “bull” believes that the general business climate is or will soon be favorable. Bullish is used in other, non-monetary contexts as well.

A related term, bearish, also derived from stock market jargon, describes a pessimistic outlook. Since a “bear” believes financial conditions are worsening, he may try to sell short, hoping to repurchase the stocks or securities at a lower price at some future date. Since both “bulls” and “bears” often buy the rights to trade stocks on margin, i.e., at a percentage of their true market value, the “bear” may, in effect, sell what he has not yet purchased. It has therefore been conjectured that the origin of bear may lie in the proverb to sell the bearskin before one has caught the bear. As early as 1721, Nathan Bailey’s Universal Etymological English Dictionary included the following: “to sell a bear: to sell what one hath not.”

hitch one’s wagon to a star To aim high, to have high ideals, to be idealistic. Ralph Waldo Emerson apparently coined this metaphor which appeared in his Society and Solitude (1870):

Now that is the wisdom of a man
… to hitch his wagon to a star.

look through rose-colored glasses To be cheerfully optimistic; to see things in a bright, rosy, favorable light. The color of a rose has long connoted optimism, cheerfulness, and promise.

Oxford was a sort of Utopia to the Captain…. He continued … to behold towers, and quadrangles, and chapels, … through rose-coloured spectacles. (Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown at Oxford, 1861)

Implicit in this expression is the suggestion that a rosy view is unwarranted, perhaps even detrimental.

Pollyanna An incurable optimist. This expression comes from Eleanor Porter’s book Pollyanna, in which the title character was a cheery little girl whose blitheness and buoyancy raised the spirits of all whom she met. In contemporary usage, however, this term is often applied disparagingly to one who exists in a fool’s paradise.

Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1980 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

idealism

The notion that the objects of reality do not have independent existence but are constructs of the mind, or made up of ideas.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.idealism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
2.idealism - impracticality by virtue of thinking of things in their ideal form rather than as they really are
impracticality - concerned with theoretical possibilities rather than actual use
romanticism - impractical romantic ideals and attitudes
knight errantry, quixotism - quixotic (romantic and impractical) behavior
3.idealism - elevated ideals or conduct; the quality of believing that ideals should be pursued
magnanimousness, nobleness, grandeur, nobility - the quality of elevation of mind and exaltation of character or ideals or conduct
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

idealism

noun romanticism, Utopianism, quixotism She never lost her respect for the idealism of the 1960s.
Quotations
"Idealism is the noble toga that political gentlemen drape over their will to power" [Aldous Huxley]
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
مِثالِيَّه
idealismus
idealisme
idealizmus
hugsjónastefna; hughyggja
idealizmus

idealism

[aɪˈdɪəlɪzəm] Nidealismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

idealism

[aɪˈdɪəlɪzəm] nidéalisme m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

idealism

nIdealismus m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

idealism

[aɪˈdɪəˌlɪzm] nidealismo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

ideal

(aiˈdiəl) adjective
perfect. This tool is ideal for the job I have in mind.
noun
1. a person, thing etc that is looked on as being perfect. She was clever and beautiful – in fact she was his ideal of what a wife should be.
2. a person's standard of behaviour etc. a man of high ideals.
iˈdealist noun
a person having (too) high ideals of behaviour etc.
iˈdealism noun
ˌideaˈlistic (aidiə-) adjective
iˈdealize, iˈdealise verb
to regard as perfect. Children tend to idealize their parents.
iˌdealiˈzation, iˌdealiˈsation noun
iˈdeally adverb
1. perfectly. He is ideally suited to this job.
2. under perfect conditions. Ideally, we should check this again, but we haven't enough time.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in periodicals archive ?
He examines the persona of the friend and the idea of friendship on which the democratic ideals of consensus, fraternity, and equality are based and argues that this conceptual persona has been impacted by centuries of war and that the philosophical idealism that saw friendship as the destination of the political has ended, replaced by a nonphilosophical understanding based on war.
The philosophical realism of this whole line of thought protects us from the many modern fads involving philosophical idealism or fantasy ideologies.
A theme which seems to undergird both of these books is that contemporary philosophy has yet to grasp the full creative potential of the Idea as it is registered in philosophical idealism, and that there are possibilities in contemporary philosophy for idealism where Idealism can be understood in such a way that it need not necessarily exclude important dynamics found within naturalism, materialism, and realism.
The last chapter provides an extremely thoughtful reconsideration of Mendelssohn's philosophical idealism in harmony with his modernized but perfectly orthodox Judaism.
On both sides of the Atlantic the predominant response enlisted to defend the old order drew upon some form of philosophical idealism. Challenged by a purely naturalistic interpretation of faith, many believers found the rational support they needed in a post-Kantian idealism.
Macpherson, George Grant and Charles Taylor, are fortunate; they will be exploring the tradition of Canadian philosophical idealism. I was at least as fortunate, years ago, because my initial contact with the subject was firsthand and personal, and had a profound impact on me.
In his introduction to the volume, Budge denies with some heat, the "facile generalization" that opposes "British 'empiricism'" to "philosophical idealism," going on to declare that "the Common Sense school...
Weissman also confronts philosophical idealism, a tradition that he believes "eliminates the difference between interpretation and inquiry" (p.
Influenced by Nikolai Lossky's intuitivist philosophy, neo-Kantians' ideas, Hartmann's ontology and philosophical anthropology, and also by phenomenological philosophy, Sesemann wrote numerous articles in German and Russian on philosophical idealism, classical and modern epistemology, logic, and aesthetics.
Once applied, the solvent of philosophical idealism dissolved God into a rational principle unfolding in history, Jesus into an exemplar with the highest religious and moral consciousness and the human predicament as one settled by development.

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