We used Phlebotomus argentipes
pools originating from laboratory colonies infected with L.
, the established vector species was not detected inside the house of the index case or in the nearby houses/ cattle sheds.
Feed-through insecticides for the control of the sand fly Phlebotomus argentipes
. Med Vet Entomol 2013; 27: 10-8.
Sinha et al., "Field trial of an ecological approach for the control of Phlebotomus argentipes
using mud and lime plaster," The Indian Journal of Medical Research, vol.
Susceptibility of Phlebotomus argentipes
and P papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) to insecticides.
Visceral leishmaniasis also known as Indian Kala-azar is a parasitic disease caused by Leishmania donavani and transmitted by the bite of the sand fly vector Phlebotomus argentipes
.10 This is potentially a fatal infection causing anemia fever cachexia hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia.11
Kala azar (visceral leishmaniasis) is a deadly disease caused by parasitic protozoa Leishmanial donovani, transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female sandfly, Phlebotomus argentipes
Irishman John Sinton discovered that the distribution area of kala-azar in India coincided with a map of the distribution of Phlebotomus argentipes
(the silverfoot sand fly).
The vector in India is phlebotomus argentipes
. In India, man is the only source of infection.
Transmission of Indian kala-azar to man by the bites of Phlebotomus argentipes
. Indian J Med Res 1942; 30: 473-7.
Ten randomly selected houses having congenial environment for vector (Phlebotomus argentipes
) propagation were chosen for sand fly collection from the area.
It is caused by the organism leishmania donovani and transmitted by the bite of sand fly vector, phlebotomus argentipes
. Kala-azar occurs in more than 80 countries in Asia, Africa, Southern Europe and South America, with a total of 200 million people at risk (Murray HW, 2001, (1) Guerin P et al, 2002 (2)).