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A historical region of central Greece north of the Gulf of Corinth. In early times (before 590 bc) it controlled the oracle at Delphi. The region was ultimately conquered by Philip II of Macedon.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) an ancient district of central Greece, on the Gulf of Corinth: site of the Delphic oracle
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈfoʊ sɪs)

an ancient district in central Greece, N of the Gulf of Corinth: site of Delphic oracle.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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I believe this to be a hit at the writer's own countrymen who were of Phocaean descent, and the next following line to be a rejoinder to complaints made against her in bk.
The shipowner, smiling, followed him with his eyes until he saw him spring out on the quay and disappear in the midst of the throng, which from five o'clock in the morning until nine o'clock at night, swarms in the famous street of La Canebiere, -- a street of which the modern Phocaeans are so proud that they say with all the gravity in the world, and with that accent which gives so much character to what is said, "If Paris had La Canebiere, Paris would be a second Marseilles." On turning round the owner saw Danglars behind him, apparently awaiting orders, but in reality also watching the young sailor, -- but there was a great difference in the expression of the two men who thus followed the movements of Edmond Dantes.
Fragment #1 -- Pseudo-Herodotus, Life of Homer: While living with Thestorides, Homer composed the "Lesser Iliad" and the "Phocais"; though the Phocaeans say that he composed the latter among them.
By contrast, Greek coinage from Emporion was based on the Phocaean metrological system while the Edetan and Contestan (corresponding to the modern Murcia and Valencian territories, respectively) coinage series probably relied on an autochthonous metrological systems (Garcia-Bellido 2011).
(Terra sigillata hispanica tardia, african red slip ware, sigillata galica tardia y phocaean red slip ware).
(111) Artifacts observed at the site, including imported fine wares (e.g., African and Phocaean Red Slip), amphoras, mosaic tesserae, slag, and circular hypocaust tiles, map in close association with the majority of these structures (compare Fig.
(8) There are very few examples in ancient literature of settlers taking wives from the indigenous population, although one exception is the foundation of Massalia, where Protis, one of the Phocaean leaders, married the local king's daughter and his companions were found wives among the locals (Justin 43 [63] 3 and Aristotle, frag.
According to Herodotus, they toiled for seven days from dawn to dusk, rowing their ships and practicing maneuvers under the Phocaean's direction.