having ploughed up some consecrated ground belonging to the temple of Apollo, the Amphictyonic council, according to the superstition of the age, imposed a fine on the sacrilegious offenders.
With him went the horse-driving Boeotians, breathing above their shields, and the Locrians who fight hand to hand, and the gallant Phocians
eager for war and battle.
The defense at Thermopylae only failed when the Persians found a trail to outflank it and defeated the contingent of Phocian
Greek troops posted to guard the way.
This painting is based on Plutarch's story the Life of Phocian
, written in 75AD.
The topics include the Dipotamos Valley and the "Phocian
Corridor," the fortifications of Epicnemidian Locris, plying the sea of the Locrians, early settlement and configuration of the Archaic poleis, and the Hellenistic Period 323-146.
The author also presents the primary reason for Phillip's defeat at the hands of the Phocians
during the Sacred War as a result of Phillip being ambushed by massed "stone-throwing catapults." Gabriel awards the Phocian
leader "Onomachus the distinction of being the father of field artillery" for this brilliant military innovation.
23.3 (heroics of Aleximachus), 23.5-6 (Phocian
tactics), 23.9 (Phocian
He next describes two of Poussin's paintings of the death and burial of the Athenian hero, Phocian
, Landscape with the Body of Phocian
carried out of Athens: |Made up or not, the trees are real trees, the distant houses real houses.
A colleague of the Phocian
general Philomelus, he led the Phocian
withdrawal from central Greece after the Boeotians and the Amphictyonic Council defeated them at Neon (late 354); appointed commander in chief after Philomelus' death, he used the Delphic treasury to hire mercenaries and to buy the support of Lycophron of Pherae (near Velestinon); campaigned successfully in Locris, Doria, and Boeotia at the head of a large army (353); made alliances with Sparta, Athens, Corinth, and Achaea; defeated and killed by Philip II of Macedon, champion of the Amphictyonic League, at the battle of Volo (352).
Electra, however, had smuggled away Orestes for his safety to the Phocian
king, Strophius, who brought him up with his own son, Pylades.
(45) Of significance for the history of Delphi is Arieka's musing that her Phocian
ancestors removed the Delphian treasure (p.
In Herodotus (7.225.2-3), by contrast, they were annihilated on a hill which was inside the Phocian