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A historical region of central Greece north of the Gulf of Corinth. In early times (before 590 bc) it controlled the oracle at Delphi. The region was ultimately conquered by Philip II of Macedon.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) an ancient district of central Greece, on the Gulf of Corinth: site of the Delphic oracle
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈfoʊ sɪs)

an ancient district in central Greece, N of the Gulf of Corinth: site of Delphic oracle.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Phocians having ploughed up some consecrated ground belonging to the temple of Apollo, the Amphictyonic council, according to the superstition of the age, imposed a fine on the sacrilegious offenders.
With him went the horse-driving Boeotians, breathing above their shields, and the Locrians who fight hand to hand, and the gallant Phocians eager for war and battle.
Harmocydes similarly urges the Phocians to battle not with the rhetoric of freedom but with a steely admonition to courage at the edge of the abyss:
The author also presents the primary reason for Phillip's defeat at the hands of the Phocians during the Sacred War as a result of Phillip being ambushed by massed "stone-throwing catapults." Gabriel awards the Phocian leader "Onomachus the distinction of being the father of field artillery" for this brilliant military innovation.
According to him (10.8.1-5) the Ainians, together with the Ionians, Dolopes, Thessalians, Magnesians, Malians, Phthiotians, Dorians, Phocians and Locrians who border on Phocis, had constituted the original League.
At Plataea, the Greek allies of Persia who were pitted against the Athenians included the Boeotians, Locrians, Thessalians, Phocians, and the Macedonians.