speech disorder

(redirected from Phonological Disorder)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to Phonological Disorder: articulation disorder
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.speech disorder - a disorder of oral speech
disorder, upset - a physical condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; "the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"; "everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time"
anarthria - partial or total loss of articulate speech resulting from lesions of the central nervous system
aphonia, voicelessness - a disorder of the vocal organs that results in the loss of voice
cataphasia - a speech disorder in which the same word is repeated several times in succession
dysarthria - impaired articulatory ability resulting from defects in the peripheral motor nerves or in the speech musculature
dyslogia - impaired ability to express ideas verbally; usually resulting from difficulties of reasoning (as in feeblemindedness or certain psychoses)
dysphonia - speech disorder attributable to a disorder of phonation
lallation - defective articulation of the `l' phoneme or the phoneme `r' is pronounced as `l'
lambdacism - speech defect involving excessive use or unusual pronunciation of the phoneme `l'
lisp - a speech defect that involves pronouncing `s' like voiceless `th' and `z' like voiced `th'
stammer, stutter - a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The details in the therapeutic process to the consonant clusters acquisition in the speech of children with phonological disorder. Rev.
Those investigations entered patients with any phonological disorder in their evaluations, while we only entered patients with speech delay with unknown causes.
In ART group, five (14.3%) children had attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), five (14.3%) had pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs), one (2.9%)--autistic disorder, five (14.3%)--feeding disorder, six (17.1%)--anxiety disorder, three (8.6%)--obsessive compulsive disorder, three (8.6%)--mild developmental delay, two (5.8%)--major depressive disorder, one (2.9%)--psychogenic polydipsia and one (2.9%) subject had phonological disorder (Table 2).
According to Wai Ting Siok of the University of Hong Kong, English dyslexia consists of a "phonological disorder," meaning that people with the condition have trouble detecting or manipulating the sound structure of oral language, which in turn leads to problems in mapping speech sounds onto letters.
However, when these processes become persistent at ages when they are no longer expected in the phonological acquisition process, without the presence of known and detectable etiological factors such as intellectual deficit, neuromotor disorders, or alterations in the structure of phono-articulatory organs, a phonological disorder is present [13,15].
These findings, however, have been somewhat equivocal in regard to two aspects: the presence of concomitant language problems and the severity of the phonological disorder. For example, Catts (1991b) suggested that children who have pure articulation disorders, without language disorders, are not at-risk for later phonological awareness difficulties.
Phonological disorder and alterations of orofacial praxis and the stomatognathic system.
This measure is part of the classification system of the diagnosis of the phonological disorder, based on an increasing scale of severity [6].
Knowledge of the phonological structure of words from a child's language background may help the practitioner who is treating a phonological disorder to enhance children's attention and their progress.
A case study [4] of the influence of favorable environments on the treatment of an individual with a phonological disorder found that the words used for the acquisition of /r/ in simple onset did not provide a favorable environment [13] in terms of their stress patterns, number of syllables, and preceding and following context.
In order to achieve this goal, the phonological systems of 25 children with phonological disorder were analyzed, determining the markedness implicational relations of distinctive features and, from there, the implicational model of segmental complexity was constructed.