phospholipid

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Related to Phosphatidic acid: Phosphatidylserine

phos·pho·lip·id

 (fŏs′fō-lĭp′ĭd)
n.
Any of various phosphorus-containing lipids, such as lecithin and cephalin, that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

phospholipid

(ˌfɒsfəˈlɪpɪd)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphoric acid, and a nitrogenous base: important constituents of all membranes. Also called: phosphatide
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

phos•pho•lip•id

(ˌfɒs foʊˈlɪp ɪd)

n.
any of a group of fatty compounds, composed of phosphoric esters, present in living cells.
[1925–30]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phospholipid - any of various compounds composed of fatty acids and phosphoric acid and a nitrogenous base; an important constituent of membranes
tissue layer, membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
lecithin - a yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier
lipid, lipide, lipoid - an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The report on lipids market further segments glycerol phospholipids into phosphoserines, phosphocholines, phosphatidic acid, MPEGlyated phospholipids, phospholipids with heterogeneous chain, phosphoglycerols with heterogeneous chain, and phosphoethanolamines.
Phospholipid metabolism and nuclear function: roles of the lipin family of phosphatidic acid phosphatases.
In contrast, 0.1 [micro]M MEHP-treated cells had significantly lower levels of all phosphatidic acid subclasses (PA, PA-P, LPA) than 10 pM MEHP-treated cells did.
In some cases, the formation of phosphatidic acid was higher than the glyceryl ether phospholipid.
The study observed women during an initial baseline menstrual cycle followed by three menstrual cycles in which subjects received daily treatment of the Lipogen PMS complex of 400 mg phosphatidylserine (PS) and 400 mg phosphatidic acid (PA).
Cochleates include phosphotidyl serine (PS), dioleoylphosphatidylserine (DOPS), phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylglycerol as soy-based phospholipids either alone or as mixtures.
A comparison of soy-derived (containing no omega-3 PUFAs) and PUFA-containing egg-derived phosphatidic acid showed a potential attenuating effect of PUFAs bound to PL on mTOR activation [21].
A key role in this pathway is played by phosphatidic acid (PA), which increases nuclear translocation of IP6K1, thus finally leading to decreased myoIns content.
A second, less common, route of LPA production is the cleavage of phospholipids into phosphatidic acid (PA) by phospholipase D (PLD) at the cell surface.
Testicular tissue from mice with BSCL2 gene deletion also showed signals of TG synthesis stimulation such as a phosphatidic acid (PA) increase compared with controls.
In 2014, More, Freitas, and Rutenberg reported on previously unpublished early pilots that investigated the effects of soy lecithine-derived phoshatidylserine plus phosphatidic acid (PA) on memory, cognition, daily functioning, and mood in elderly patients with AD and dementia.
Salinity and hyperosmotic exposure trigger several early signaling events including ROS formation (Miller et al., 2010; Jiang et al., 2013), the induction of PLD-mediated phosphatidic acid production (Bargmann et al., 2009; Darwish et al., 2009; Yu et al., 2010), accumulation of nitric oxide (Khan et al., 2012), formation of cAMP/cGMP (Donaldson et al., 2004), synthesis of abscisic acid (ABA) (Dinneny, 2014) and transient increases in cytosolic Ca 2+ concentrations (Laohavisit et al., 2012; Laohavisit et al., 2013).