phospholipid

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phos·pho·lip·id

 (fŏs′fō-lĭp′ĭd)
n.
Any of various phosphorus-containing lipids, such as lecithin and cephalin, that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.

phospholipid

(ˌfɒsfəˈlɪpɪd)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphoric acid, and a nitrogenous base: important constituents of all membranes. Also called: phosphatide

phos•pho•lip•id

(ˌfɒs foʊˈlɪp ɪd)

n.
any of a group of fatty compounds, composed of phosphoric esters, present in living cells.
[1925–30]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phospholipid - any of various compounds composed of fatty acids and phosphoric acid and a nitrogenous base; an important constituent of membranes
tissue layer, membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
lecithin - a yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier
lipid, lipide, lipoid - an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
References in periodicals archive ?
Investigators at the University of Sao Paulo found that certain substances --such as phospholipids and sphingolipids --were found in differing levels at the time of a first episode of psychosis, allowing them to accurately identify bipolar disorder or schizophrenia or healthy controls 87% of the time.
For the past few years, not only the amount of intramuscular phospholipids, but also the composition of phospholipid fatty acids was widely concerned.
Enzymatic transphosphatidylations, in which a phosphatidyl group is transferred from one molecule to another, usually utilize a very low concentration of phospholipids and a large excess of one of the reactants.
[ClickPress, Thu Sep 27 2018] Liposomes are spherical nano-sized bilayered vesicles or "bags" in which an aqueous volume is entirely closed within a membrane composed of lipid (fat) molecules, usually phospholipids. The components within the bilayer define the rigidity/ fluidity and charge of the bilayer.
One method increased the animals' cholesterol via diet; the second method altered a gene that governs phospholipids, which caused the cells to produce more cholesterol.
It consists of complex bioactive components such as phospholipids, sphingolipids, gangliosides and proteins,' Andersen said.
For most phospholipids of practical interest, the phase transition temperature ranges from 270 to 310 Kelvin; it is higher for those phospholipids with longer tails, whereas the presence of unsaturated carbon bonds reduces [T.sub.m].
To diagnosticate a disease and monitor the results from the received treatment, the following methods were used: A clinical supervision in dynamics, an analysis of a structure in peripheral blood, [8] a definition for maintenance of phospholipids fractions in erythrocytes membranes with a method of thin-layer chromatography on Silufol plates and a quantitative definition of phosphorus according to the method of Barlet.
Lipogrid is a lipid structural matrix of solid lipid particles and vesicles comprised of fatty acids, cholesterol-type stabilizers, phospholipids and ceramides with a carrier function, used in the treatment of skin disorders.
They found that in individuals with atopic dermatitis, this exposure modified phospholipids in the skin to release lipid antigens that then drove T-cell reactivity and inflammation (Sci Transl Med.
In addition to providing magnesium, phosphate, thiamine, and other factors necessary for energy production, he recommends the use of phospholipids to repair mitochondrial membranes damaged by oxidative stress.