tyrosine

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ty·ro·sine

 (tī′rə-sēn′)
n.
A nonessential amino acid, C9H11NO3, that is produced in the body from phenylalanine and is a precursor of melanin and of several neurotransmitters and hormones, such as epinephrine and thyroxine.

[Greek tūros, cheese; see teuə- in Indo-European roots + -ine.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

tyrosine

(ˈtaɪrəˌsiːn; -sɪn; ˈtɪrə-)
n
(Biochemistry) an aromatic nonessential amino acid; a component of proteins. It is a metabolic precursor of thyroxine, the pigment melanin, and other biologically important compounds
[C19: from Greek turos cheese + -ine2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ty•ro•sine

(ˈtaɪ rəˌsin, -sɪn, ˈtɪr ə-)

n.
a crystalline amino acid, HOC6H4CH2CH(NH2)COOH, abundant in ripe cheese, that acts as a precursor of norepinephrine and dopamine. Abbr.: Tyr ;Symbol: Y
[1855–60; < Greek tȳrós cheese + -ine2]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ty·ro·sine

(tī′rə-sēn′)
A nonessential amino acid. See more at amino acid.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tyrosine - an amino acid found in most proteins; a precursor of several hormones
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
Tyrosin
tyrozyna

tyrosine

n tirosina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, phosphotyrosine antibody, which specifically binds to phosphorylated tyrosine residues, is also a valuable tool for analyzing tyrosine kinase activity in high-throughput drug discovery research.
A novel phosphotyrosine motif with a critical amino acid at position -2 for the SH2 domain-mediated activation of the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1.
Through binding with insulin, IR initiates the phosphorylation of different phosphotyrosine residues in the tyrosine kinase domain (13).
AKB-9778, being developed as a subcutaneous injection for the treatment of non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, binds to and inhibits vascular endothelial phosphotyrosine phosphatase (VE-PTP), the most critical negative regulator of Tie2.
Previous studies have reported that the abnormal expression of Src homology 2 domain-containing phosphotyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) plays important roles in tumour occurrence and metastasis [18-20].
Kashishian et al., "A new function for a phosphotyrosine phosphatase: linking GRB2-Sos to a receptor tyrosine kinase," Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol.
Four cocrystallized ligands (PDB codes: 2CM7, 2CMA, 2CMB, and 2CNG) bound in primary phosphate-binding pocket (A site [16]) and a large flat region (C site [21]) and the other ligands (PDB codes: 2QBP, 2QBQ, and 2ZN7) were described by extension of the molecule from the enzyme active site (A site) into the second phosphotyrosine binding site (B site [18]).
Mann, "The phosphotyrosine interactome of the insulin receptor family and its substrates IRS-1 and IRS-2," Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, vol.
Burgess et al., "Peroxovanadium compounds: a new class of potent phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitors which are insulin mimetics," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
In the downstream signaling pathways of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, the adapter protein containing a pleckstrin homology domain, phosphotyrosine binding domain, and leucine zipper motif (APPL1) links the adiponectin receptors to various signaling molecules including AMPK and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), which are important for many metabolic actions of adiponectin [39].
Immunoblotting was performed to detect phosphotyrosine levels in hypoxia-related Kv channels as described previously (24).