photosynthesis(redirected from Photosynthesis and Respiration)
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A. sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll in a leaf
B. carbon dioxide is taken in from the air
C. water is transported from the roots
D. glucose is synthesized and distributed throughout the plant
E. oxygen is released
The process in green plants and certain other organisms by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and a source of hydrogen (usually water), using light as an energy source. Most forms of photosynthesis release oxygen as a byproduct.
pho′to·syn·thet′ic (-sĭn-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
1. (Botany) (in plants) the synthesis of organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water (with the release of oxygen) using light energy absorbed by chlorophyll
2. (Microbiology) the corresponding process in certain bacteria
pho•to•syn•the•sis(ˌfoʊ təˈsɪn θə sɪs)
the production of complex organic materials, esp. carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide, water, and inorganic salts, using sunlight as the source of energy and with the aid of chlorophyll and associated pigments.
pho`to•syn•thet′ic (-ˈθɛt ɪk) adj.
the synthesis of complex organic substances from carbon dioxide, water, and inorganic salts, with sunlight as the energy source and a catalyst such as chlorophyll. — photosynthetic, adj.See also: Biology, Plants
the synthesis of complex organic substances from carbon dioxide, water, and inorganic salts, with sunlight as the energy source and a catalyst such as chlorophyll. — photosynthetic, adj.See also: Light
Food production by plants and algae using sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water.
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|Noun||1.||photosynthesis - synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)|
chemical action, chemical change, chemical process - (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
light reaction - the first stage of photosynthesis during which energy from light is used for the production of ATP