phthalate


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phthal·ate

 (thăl′āt′, fthăl′-, thā′lāt′, fthā′-)
n.
1. A salt, ester, or anion of phthalic acid.
2. Any of a group of esters of phthalic acid that are widely used in the manufacture of plastics and as synthetic additives in perfumes and cosmetics. These chemicals have been linked to reproductive and hormonal abnormalities in animals, including humans.

phthalate

(ˈθælɪt; ˈfθæl-)
n
(Chemistry) a salt or ester of phthalic acid. Esters are commonly used as plasticizers in PVC; when ingested they can cause kidney and liver damage
References in periodicals archive ?
It is noteworthy that the parties in entry 7 agreed to reformulate di-n-octyl phthalate, a phthalate that is currently not in the Prop 65 list of chemicals as part of the settlement for earwax removal kits.
Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Ph.D., from Karlstad University in Sweden, and colleagues used data from the Swedish Environmental Longitudinal Mother and Child, Asthma and Allergy (SELMA) study and The Infant Development and Environment Study (TIDES), conducted in the United States, to examine the correlation between prenatal phthalate exposure and language development.
There is growing concern that phthalate exposures, particularly during the prenatal period, may have an impact on child neurobehavioral development (Bennett et al.
The study is the first to compare phthalate exposures in people who reported dining out to those more likely to enjoy home-cooked meals.
Sixty-one percent of the group replied in the survey that they had eaten out within the previous 24 hours, and the majority of those respondents showed an increased level of phthalate biomarkers when their urine was tested.
According to the solvent used for the phthalate extraction, an organic solvent such as dichloromethane [29] or acetone [30], hexane, and acetonitrile [31] has been used.
Everyone knows that non-phthalate PVC plasticizers are the weak siblings of phthalate plasticizers.
Looking for an association, the researchers analyzed phthalate concentration in the urine of 2,350 women who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Phthalate ester plasticizers that long have dominated the flexible PVC market have some serious non-phthalate competition, including some newer alternatives.
Several studies on the effects of prenatal phthalate exposure on pregnancy duration and birth outcomes have been published [4-6,10-17].
Group B was given 0.15 ml of Dioctyl phthalate (DOP) dissolved in 0.4 ml of corn oil daily for 15 days.
The data may help explain high phthalate levels seen in babies treated in neonatal intensive care units (SN: 8/13/05, p.