However, evidence from dendrochronological and radiocarbon studies of Celery Top Pine Phyllocladus
aspleniifolius, a long-lived conifer associated with E.
At approximately 750-550 years BP, the time of environmental impact during Maori settlement (McGlone and Wilmshurst 1999), post-glacial Phyllocladus
and Halocarpus scrubland was burned to leave dominantly tall tussocks of the genus Chionochloa in the high country of Mackenzie Basin, South Island, New Zealand (Treskonova 1991; McGlone and Moar 1998; McGlone 2001).
To facilitate inter-site comparisons only pollen taxa common to all sites were selected for the analysis, including Nothofagus, Castanopsis/Lithocarpus, Phyllocladus
, Myrtaceae, Macaranga, Trema, Dodonaea, Casuarina, and Gramineae.
The co-dominant species are the Huon pine (Dacrydium franklinii), which lives on the forest edges and is one of Australia's most long-lived trees (2,000 years old or more); the King Billy pine (Athrotaxis selaginoides); the alpine celery-top pine (Phyllocladus
From 7000 to 3000 years BP the vegetation was dominated by conifers, largely bog pine (Podocarpus bidwillii) and celery pine (Phyllocladus
The phylogenetic positions of the conifer genera Amentotaxus, Phyllocladus
, and Nageia inferred from 18S ribosomal-RNA sequences.
the cone is very simple and borne on the margin of the basal segments of the phylloclade (Fig.
At the upper limit of this layer (from 8,900-9,800 ft to 9,800-10,800 ft [2,700-3,000 to 3,000-3,300 m]), depending on exposure) there is another type of cloud forest dominated by species of Phyllocladus
(Phyllocladaceae, a small family related to the Podocarpaceae) and species of Xanthomyrtus (Myrtaceae).