He is well-read in history (history of Transylvania, in particular), physiognomics
, he even speaks German.
(25) French scholars have been attracted primarily to physiognomics
and gender, but many other aspects have also received attention, ranging from the interaction of bodies to the symbolic value of scars, the significance of hair or the iconographic relationship of body and armor in attic vase painting.
in the ancient world.' TAPhS New Series 59:1-101.
In spite of this, since the first experiments of physical anthropology, craniology, phrenology, physiognomics
, and anthropometry, what was operative in their systems of classification were measurable visual marks, exteriority or physical characteristics (bones, skulls, blood vessels, genitals, brains, blood quantum) which heuristic measurement was secured by the replicability, certainty and universality of experiments, data-extractions, gauges and grids.
(1) To characterize physiognomics
and related branches of
During the late 17th and 18th century, many colonizers believed calidad could be discerned with diagnostic strategies from physiognomics
, a new "science" that used an individual's outward appearance to discern the content of his inner character.
First and least studied, physiognomics
dated from ancient times and implicated some major figures, including Cicero, who discussed the sermo coporis, the language of the body.
Barton, Power and Knowledge: Astrology, Physiognomics
and Medicine under the Roman Empire (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995).
The first nearly 100 page chapter "Radio Physiognomics
" contains the theoretical core of Adorno's radio theory.
(38) These theories can be traced back to the humanistic physiognomy of the Swiss Pastor Johann Caspar Lavater, whose Physiognomische Fragmente, zur Beforderung der Menschenkenntni[beta] und Menschenliebe (Physiognomic
Fragments for the Promotion of Human Understanding and Human Love) in the late 18th century was the first attempt to present physiognomy as a natural-scientific discipline, codifying physiognomics
"as a strictly positivistic and empirical science in the Enlightenment sense." (39)
Moore's essay on Goethe's Werther and Lavater's physiognomics
. Using Lacan, Moore reads Werther's self-destructive, narcissistic gaze and inability to see the Other without seeing himself, in relation to Lavater, who ascribes to the eye the power to read and unmask human characteristics and to construct identity.
The premodern sciences explored in this historiographical enterprise include complexional physiology, physiognomics
(physiognomy, chiromancy, metoposcopy), astrology, and, to a lesser degree, alchemy.