(7,9,10) Few studies detail the function of the hyoid apparatus of raptors, but it has been suggested that falconids have a more-primitive, weaker hyoid apparatus and associated musculature compared with other species, such as hummingbirds (Trochilidae species), woodpeckers (Picidae
species), and egrets (Ardeidae species).
Implications of nest-site size selection on the nest building strategy in woodpeckers (Picidae
The families observed there were belonged to Falconiformes (3 spp.), Piciformes contained 2 species belonging to family Picidae
. Upupidae (2 spp.), Coraciidae (1 sp.), Halcyonidae (1sp.), Alcedinidae (1 sp.), Meropidae (2 spp.), Cuculidae (2 spp.) belonged to order Coraciiformes.
Tree holes excavated by woodpeckers (Picidae
), as well as other cavities provide typical summer shelters utilized by bats in temperate-zone forests.
Andigena nigrirostris Black-billed CH Mountain-Toucan PICIDAE
, Woodpecker 76.
Despite the low density of Black-backed Woodpeckers, density of all woodpecker species combined at these sites is quite high in severely burned patches, with 6 or more species of Picidae
nesting in most burned patches of approximately 4.8 ha (Lorenz and others 2015a).
Simple artificial perches Family/Species G (1) J F M A M Ardeidae Syrigma I sibilatrix (Temminck, 1824) Accipitridae Rupomis magnirostris C (Gmelin, 1788) * Columbidae Columbina talpacoti G (Temminck, 1811) Palagioenas picazuro F (Temminck, 1813) Picidae
Colaptes melanochloros I (Gmelin, 1788) Dryocopus lineatus I (Linnaeus, 1766) Psittacidae Forpus xanthopterygius F (Spix, 1824) Dendrocolaptidae Lepidocolaptes angustimstris I 1 (Vieillot, 1818) Furnariidae Fumarius nfus I (Gmelin, 1788) Tyrannidae Myiarchiis sp.
Entre las aves residentes, las familias Ardeidae, Tyrannidae, Icteridae, Emberizidae y Rallidae tuvieron el mayor numero de representantes, mientras que las familias Cathartidae, Falconidae, Furnariidae, Jacanidae, Mimidae, Picidae
, Podicipedidae, Psittacidae, Threskiornithidae y Tytonidae registraron solo un representante.
volans nest in large, dying and dead trees with natural cavities or cavities made by woodpeckers (Picidae
); however, external leaf-nests built on branches, called dreys, also have been reported (e.g., Dolan and Carter, 1977; Wells-Gossling, 1985; Bendel and Gates, 1987; Taulman, 1999; Holloway and Malcolm, 2007), especially in areas with low availability of snags and cavities (Carey et al., 1997), and at lower latitudes (Weigl, 1978; Holloway and Malcolm, 2007).
Family Number of Fatalities Parulidae 272 Turdidae 38 Emberizidae 38 Vireonidae 23 Regulidae 13 Troglodytidae 6 Cardinalidae 5 Icteridae 5 Mimidae 5 Certhiidae 2 Picidae
2 Tyrannidae 2 Unidentified 2 Cuculidae 1 Sturnidae 1