These groupings are in similar locations to ancient Dark Age kingdoms such as Strathclyde in the south-west and Pictland
in the north-east.
These groups are in similar places to Dark Age kingdoms such as Strathclyde in the southwest, Pictland
in the northeast and Gododdin in the south-east.
But new scientific research -- which identifies six main genetic clusters in Scotland, one of which roughly fits the borders of ancient Pictland
-- seems to suggest they never really went away, but simply adopted the cultural practices of the neighbouring Scots, as historians have long suspected.
Strange I always thought the Scots invaded Pictland
Mr Moffat added: "Was this remarkable genetic link a relic of the coming of the cavalry of Manau under Cunedda, and perhaps a substantial number of associated migrants from Pictland
to North Wales?
The author reappraises the comparative evidence for political transition among the Picts in conjunction with the material evidence for amalgamation of the various polities of Pictland
. There is also discussion of the relationship of Pictish kings with Christian institutions.
Further north were the Scots, with 'Pictland
' further still, north of the Firth of Forth.
(88) For a discussion of Ceolfrid's letter, see: Julianna Grigg, 'Paschal Dating in Pictland
: Abbot Ceolfrid's Letter to King Nechtan', Journal of the Australian Early Medieval Association, 2 (2006), pp.
Bede's Life of St Cuthbert records Cuthbert and two brethren travelling to 'the land of the Niduari' in Pictland
, a journey that would have taken him north, passed the northern boundaries of Northumbria and the Firth of Forth to the coast of Fife and beyond (VSC 9).
Alex Woolf won the Saltire history award for From Pictland
to Alba and Ian Duncan was given the research prize for Scott's Shadow.
In cases where geographically 'Scottish' styles from Dal Riata or Pictland
may have influenced Irish fashion, such as the adoption of bossed penannular brooches in the late ninth century, the chronology post-dates Scandinavian settlement in both regions (Graham-Campbell 1975; Michelli 1993; Johnson 2001).
According to The Names of the Island of Britain, 'The length of this Island, from the promontory of Blathaon in Pictland
to the promontory of Penwith in Cornwall, is nine hundred miles.