To take this last point first, the Alexandrian authors of the [Greek text omitted] seem to have invented most of the images they were rhetoricalizing;(17) the shield of Achilles has a quantity of matter represented on it unlike any shield that existed in Homeric times or could ever exist; and even Alberti, whom we might appeal to as an example of the professional artist writing theory, devotes much of his descriptive power in De Pictura to visual objects he has never seen and only knows about from other people's verbal accounts.(18)
Horace in the Ars Poetica is, of course, the author of the famous "ut pictura poesis" (lines 361-65); equally significant is the opening of the epistle where Horace attacks poetic indecorousness by comparing it to a painting of a grotesque misshapen body.
23 He is following Horace's "ut pictura poesis" and, more proximately, the repeated use of the analogy in Scaliger, e.g., 1.1.6, and 4.1.401.
"Herbert and the Visual Arts: Ut Pictura Poesis: An Opening in 'The Windows.'" In Like Season'd Timber: New Essays on George Herbert, ed., Edmund Miller and Robert DiYanni, 101-38.
"Ut Pictura Poesis: A Selective, Annotated Bibliography of Books and Articles, Published Between 1900 and 1980, on the Interrelation of Literature and Painting from 1400 to 1800." Yearbook of Comparative and General Literature 32 (1983): 105-24.
"Ut Pictura Poesis: Sidney, temoin de son temps." Bulletin de la Societe d'Etudes Anglo-Americaines des XVIIe et XVIIIe Siecles 31 (1990): 159-76.
In his own lifetime, however, and for the next century, Junius' reputation--not only in England, where he served as librarian to the Earl of Arundel for the twenty years before the civil war, but across Europe--rested on the authority of his De pictura veterum (Amsterdam, 1637), republished in Junius' own English translation soon after a On the Painting of the Ancients (London, 1638).
The Latin text of the De Pictura was published in a new edition at Rotterdam in 1694 by the German classical scholar J.