Most significantly, they may be mixed with tobacco products or wrapped in the leaf of the piper betel
Antimicrobial spectrum of red Piper betel leaf extract (Piper crocatum Ruiz & Pav) as natural antiseptics against airborne pathogens.
Antibacterial effect of red Piper betel Leaf (Piper crocatum Ruiz & Pav) ethanol extract to Lactobacillus acidophilus and L.
2] Piper betel plant leaves are rich in a wide variety of secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds, volatile oils, fatty acids and hydroxy fatty acids which in vitro illustrate the antibacterial properties and might be used as a choice, useful, cheap and safe antibacterial for the treatment of microbial infections.
4] Over 700 species of Piper betel has been distributed in both the hemispheres of world.
Among the tobacco chewers, all of them used piper betel
leaf smeared with slaked lime (called chunnamb colloquially in Kerala) and areca nut and dried tobacco as a quid for keeping on either gingivobuccal sulcus.
Chewing tobacco (Pan) is composed of piper betel
leaf filled with sliced areca nut, slaked lime, catechu and Tobacco.
Piper nigrum, Piper betel
and Gnetum-natural food sources with anti-quorum sensing properties.
Piperbetol, methylpiperbetol, piperol A and piperol B: a new series of highly specific PAF receptor antagonists from Piper betel
People roll small pieces of the nut from Areca catechu, more commonly called betel palm, in a leaf from the Piper betel
vine, then add powdered slaked lime or limestone paste, and chew it.
The more frequently abused substance is betel quid, which is the leaf of a vine, the Piper betel
Betel quid or paan consists of betel leaf from the piper betel
vine is very popular in many parts of Asia.