The Commentaries of Pope Pius II
(1458-1464) and the Crisis of the Fifteenth-Century Papacy.
Biondo (1392-1463) wrote the first comprehensive exposition of Roman civilization while he was in Mantua during 1459-60 serving as the Apostolic Secretary for Pope Pius II
First, and discussed in Chapter 1, was Pope Pius II
Piccolimini, himself a humanist writer and poet.
The contributors examine the crusade of 1442 and of 1443 in the Balkans, the Venetian-Ottoman peace of 1479, the commentary of Jacques Ammannati in 1469, crusading under Popes Nicholas V and Pius II
, activities of Greek and Roman theology, Moree at the end of the fifteenth century, the capture of the Bosnian kingdom, cultural transfer in the Italian Renaissance, Bonfini on Dalmatia, some families of Dragomans, the crusade of Amadeus VI, the sources of Monaci, ship owners in Ragusa, the Hungarian-Ottoman truce of 1468, Sigismund of Luxembourg and the Patriarchate of Aquileia, Malta, and strange things that happened at the time of the Council of Florence.
So sudden and encompassing was the architectural imprint left upon the Tuscan community by its illustrious native son, Pope Pius II
Piccolomini, that it might well have seemed--even to a visitor in 1464--as if the medieval past of the entire town had been eradicated and replaced by urban concepts and buildings created in accordance with the principals of the new architectural style of the Renaissance.
Paul's predecessor Pius II
died in Ancona vainly awaiting the crusading fleet and army that would hurl the infidel back.
, Commentaries, Edited and Translated by Margaret Meserve and Marcello Simonetta.
In fact, Pius II
argued, against Coluccio Salutati and many other humanists, that the etymology of Turcus (or, as it was more often in the fifteenth century, the feminine Turca) did not derive from a metathesis of the Latin word Teucrus.
There is no need to make a case for the Commentaries of Pope Pius II
(1405-64) as part of The I Tatti Renaissance Library.
Pope Pius II
denounced slavery as "an enormous crime" in 1462.
The source material for this study is based on petitions submitted to the Apostolic Penitentiary --one of the most important offices within the papal curia, especially in the Late Middle Ages-- during the pontificate of Pius II
(1458-1464), altogether almost 4,200 cases.
Peter's but were then moved elsewhere, among them: Eugene IV, Callistus III, Pius II
, Alexander VI, Leo X, Hadrian VI, Pius IV, Pius V, Clement VIII, Paul V, Gregory XV, Innocent X, Clement IX, Benedict XIII, and Clement XIV.