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Pius XIIOriginally Eugenio Pacelli. 1876-1958.
Pope (1939-1958) who maintained neutrality during World War II. He was later severely criticized for not taking forceful measures to aid European Jews.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Biography) original name Eugenio Pacelli. 1876–1958, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1939–58): his attitude towards Nazi German anti-Semitism has been a matter of controversy
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