The term political clientelism
is quite broadly used which makes it open to varying interpretations and is therefore often misconstrued in relation to other distinct phenomena.
Chaaban said that much of the problem with government finances stems from the political clientelism
that dominates the country.
These corrupt relations and practices, including political clientelism
, have been evolving and interplaying to the point [where they have become] a system of [their] own.
also poses considerable challenges for the study of political parties.
Of course, it is more malleable than race or gender, and is essentially a form of political clientelism
Geagea also outlined the Party's current struggle at the national level as falling in two dimensions, namely the building of a robust state with intact, healthy constitutional institutions, and the fight against corruption, underdevelopment and political clientelism
in society and within the state.
The International Forum for Democratic Studies of the National Endowment for Democracy held a conference in Quito, Ecuador in November 2010 to explore how political clientelism
works and evolves in the context of modern developing democracies, with an emphasis on social policies to reduce poverty.
The government is under pressure to act on the violent crime that has blighted Marseille as it tries to shed its old image as a city of gangs, drug deals, corruption and political clientelism
Institute for Public Policy (2010) Political clientelism
has bankrupted not only the State Budget, but also local communities.
The literature on vote buying is growing, both because it is a phenomenon that occurs in many countries such as Thailand, Senegal, Taiwan, Mexico and Colombia, and also because it is closely related not only to political clientelism
but also to problems of political representation.
In this type of society, politicians work as brokers in a system of political clientelism
We also see the genesis of political clientelism
as the quid pro quo authorised and sanctioned by the political parties and consented to by all groups within society.