Polydorus


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Pol•y•do•rus

(ˌpɒl ɪˈdɔr əs, -ˈdoʊr-)

n.
fl. 1st century B.C., Greek sculptor.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Achilles then went in pursuit of Polydorus son of Priam, whom his father had always forbidden to fight because he was the youngest of his sons, the one he loved best, and the fastest runner.
When Hector saw his brother Polydorus with his entrails in his hands and sinking down upon the ground, a mist came over his eyes, and he could not bear to keep longer at a distance; he therefore poised his spear and darted towards Achilles like a flame of fire.
975-978) And Harmonia, the daughter of golden Aphrodite, bare to Cadmus Ino and Semele and fair-cheeked Agave and Autonoe whom long haired Aristaeus wedded, and Polydorus also in rich- crowned Thebe.
[...] [...] Had Dante remembered the episode of Polydorus in the Aeneid (III, 22 ff.) in time, he would have been saved from hurting the soul of Pier della Vigna in its tree prison.
In this passage, Hecuba asks Agamemnon to avenge the death of Polydorus: "What [phrase omitted], will my child receive for her most loving embraces in the bed?" ([phrase omitted]; Hec.
Shortly after the sacrifice of Polyxena, Hecuba learns that Polymestor, the Thracian king and friend to Priam, to whom Priam had entrusted his son Polydorus and the Trojan gold, has murdered Polydorus for the gold.
In Thrace, Aeneas encounters Polydorus and learns that he cannot stay there, for "fate opposed it." The oracle at Delos then tells him to go back to his origin, which Anchises indicates as being Crete, where their ancestor Teucrus had settled.
Upon removing the cloth, her eyes fall upon the body of her youngest son, Polydorus, dead and mutilated.
Anyone versed in Greek mythology (there were more then than there are now) would have remembered that, according to Euripides, in later life Hecuba was turned into a dog for blinding Polymestor, the murderer of her son Polydorus, so you might consider Hector to have been a literal pup, perhaps even the original SOB.
This, he argues, is Goethe's version of a standard epic incident in which the hero cuts into a tree, finds it bleeding, and recognizes the soul of a dead friend imprisoned in the tree: thus Aeneas recognizes Polydorus (Aeneid, Book iii),Dante finds acquaintances in the Wood of Suicides (Inferno, Canto xiii), and Tasso's Tancredi further injures the dead Clorinda (an episode from the Gerusalemmeliberata to which Goethe assigns a key role in Wilhelm Meister).