Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


 (pŏm-pā′, -pā′ē)
An ancient city of southern Italy southeast of Naples. Founded in the sixth or early fifth century bc, it was a Roman colony by 80 bc and became a prosperous port and resort with many noted villas, temples, theaters, and baths. Pompeii was destroyed by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in ad 79. The incredibly well-preserved ruins were rediscovered in 1748 and have been extensively excavated.

Pom·pe′ian, Pom·pei′ian adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(pɒmˈpeɪən; -ˈpiː-)
(Placename) of or relating to Pompeii or its inhabitants
(Placename) a native or inhabitant of Pompeii
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in classic literature ?
The effect was supposed to be Pompeiian and Rita and I had often laughed at the delirious fancy of some enriched shopkeeper.
"And getting stiff, too, I should say, in this Pompeiian armchair.
I felt suddenly extremely exhausted, absolutely overcome with fatigue since I had moved; as if to sit on that Pompeiian chair had been a task almost beyond human strength, a sort of labour that must end in collapse.
I suffered a moment of giddiness before the door opened, light streamed in, and Rose entered, preceding a man in a green baize apron whom I had never seen, carrying on an enormous tray three Argand lamps fitted into vases of Pompeiian form.
A dim lamp (of Pompeiian form) hanging on a long chain left the hall practically dark.
I ran to the door, but I sauntered through it, to plant myself before a Pompeiian fresco in the corridor; and there were the two attendants still gossiping outside the further door; nor did they hear the dull crash which I heard even as I watched them out of the corner of each eye.
It is bordered by two walls -the Pompeiian Wall with its small bays featuring stone and marble antiquities and shrubs and climbing plants, and the Pergola Walk with shaded grottos planted with ferns and moisture-loving plants.
Discover intimate garden rooms including the Pompeiian garden, Paved Court, Reflecting Pool and Mediterranean garden.
The city's Museo Archeologico Nazionale claims the world's finest collection of Pompeiian frescoes and mosaics.
The fun is to catch the myriad cross-cultural references--between a Graeco-Roman Pompeiian table (Phoenix Ancient Art) and an Alberto Giacometti floor lamp (L'Arc en Seine), or the monochromes of Enrico Castellani (Levy Gorvy) and Ha Chong-Hyun (Tina Kim Gallery).
Consequently, Parthenope is also the shade of a matte powder that can be mixed with a balm to create a blurry, painterly effect on cheeks and lips, just like the tempera technique of Pompeiian frescoes.
Part II discusses Roman examples, including in triumph and Saturnalia, Plautus, the Priapus painting at the house of Vettii, Pompeiian graffiti, and the Carmina Priapea.