But he was no sooner in Milan than he did the contrary by assisting Pope Alexander to occupy the Romagna.
And on these matters I spoke at Nantes with Rouen, when Valentino, as Cesare Borgia, the son of Pope Alexander, was usually called, occupied the Romagna, and on Cardinal Rouen observing to me that the Italians did not understand war, I replied to him that the French did not understand statecraft, meaning that otherwise they would not have allowed the Church to reach such greatness.
There, in the twentieth chapter of the Life of Pope Alexander
VI., were the following lines, which I can never forget: --
A general glance at the picture could never suggest that there was a hair trunk in it; the Hair Trunk is not mentioned in the title even--which is, "Pope Alexander
She had precisely the same shape of skull as Pope Alexander
the Sixth; her organs of benevolence, veneration, conscientiousness, adhesiveness, were singularly small, those of self-esteem, firmness, destructiveness, combativeness, preposterously large; her head sloped up in the penthouse shape, was contracted about the forehead, and prominent behind; she had rather good, though large and marked features; her temperament was fibrous and bilious, her complexion pale and dark, hair and eyes black, form angular and rigid but proportionate, age fifteen.
Duterte was referring to Lucrezia Borgia, the daughter of Spanish Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia who later became Pope Alexander
VI and his mistress Vannoza Cattanei in the 15th century.
Construction of Notre Dame, which was built on the ruins of earlier churches, began in 1163, when Pope Alexander
III laid the foundation stone.
1173: Pope Alexander
III canonised Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury.
1173: Pope Alexander
III canonized Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury.
Rodrigo Borgia, while a priest, had four children with his mistress before he became Pope Alexander
VI, an excess that helped spur Martin Luther's Protestant Reformation.
1492: The infamous and corrupt Roderigo Borgia bribed enough cardinals to become Pope Alexander
It included the earliest nautical charts made in the 15th and 16th centuries, jealously guarded by the Portuguese and Spanish that both claimed rights to the islands following the 1493 Papal Bull 'Inter Caetera' issued by Pope Alexander
VI that cut the world in half like an orange and granted rights to discover the unknown world to the competing crowns of Portugal and Spain.