Postliminium


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Post`li`min´i`um


n.1.(Rom. Antiq.) The return to his own country, and his former privileges, of a person who had gone to sojourn in a foreign country, or had been banished, or taken by an enemy.
2.(Internat. Law) The right by virtue of which persons and things taken by an enemy in war are restored to their former state when coming again under the power of the nation to which they belonged.
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(6) Voir Herve Roch, L'absence, Montreal, Wilson & Lafleur, 1951 a la p 23; Gaston Behenne, Du postliminium en droit romain et des effets de l'absence sur les biens en droit francais, Paris, F Pichon, 1873 a la p 2; Villequez, supra note 5 aux pp 211-12; Firmin Talandier, Nouveau traite des absens, Paris, Charles Bechet, 1831 a la p 2.
Mirando a una institucion similar, el ius postliminium (30) y tambien a la ficcion legis Corneliae (31), se nota como esta no esta en contraste con la institucion de la ausencia, en la medida en que se considera la ausencia mas bien a lo vivo que muerto o de considerarlo con vida hasta que no se demuestre lo contrario.
The only way to return was through the Roman law of postliminium, which, among its many uses, restored prisoners of war to Roman citizenship.
Cicero himself used the word postliminium (roughly meaning "back from over the threshold") to explain what verbum means.
O direito das gentes trata da ocupacao, da edificacao e da fortificacao de castelos e cidades, da guerra, dos cativos de guerra, da escravidao, da recuperacao de direitos pelo postliminium, dos acordos de paz, das treguas, da inviolabilidade das embaixadas, e da proibicao do casamento entre pessoas de religioes diferentes.
This does not, however, affect the validity of the measures taken by the foreign authority, which are to be judged according to the doctrine of postliminium.
The technical reference to citizenship is confirmed in limine, which recalls postliminium (the recovery of civitas by an exile in his patria).(80) Umbricius, himself a Romanus both by birth and citizenship (i.e.