postposition

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Related to Postpositions: preposition, Adposition

post·po·si·tion

 (pōst′pə-zĭsh′ən)
n.
1. The placing of a word or suffixed element after the word to which it is grammatically related.
2. A word or element placed postpositionally, as a preposition placed after its object. For example, in the phrase these facts notwithstanding, notwithstanding is a postposition.

post′po·si′tion·al adj.
post′po·si′tion·al·ly adv.

postposition

(ˌpəʊstpəˈzɪʃən)
n
1. (Grammar) placement of a modifier or other speech element after the word that it modifies or to which it is syntactically related
2. (Grammar) a word or speech element so placed
ˌpostpoˈsitional adj
ˌpostpoˈsitionally adv

post•po•si•tion

(ˌpoʊst pəˈzɪʃ ən, ˈpoʊst pəˌzɪʃ ən)

n.
1. the act of placing after.
2. the state of being so placed.
3.
a. the use of words, particles, or affixes following the elements they modify or govern.
b. a word, particle, or affix so used, as the adjective general in attorney general, or the particle e “to” in Japanese Tokyo e “to Tokyo.”
[1540–50]
post•pose′, v.t. -posed, -pos•ing.
post`po•si′tion•al, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.postposition - (linguistics) the placing of one linguistic element after another (as placing a modifier after the word that it modifies in a sentence or placing an affix after the base to which it is attached)
linguistics - the scientific study of language
position, place - an item on a list or in a sequence; "in the second place"; "moved from third to fifth position"
Translations
postpositio
névutó
References in periodicals archive ?
33: The preposed postpositions are not exceptions; they underwent fronting, a kind of topicalization; cf.
According to Batalova, in several Komi Permyak dialects the local case forms of the postpositions vil- 'surface' and din- 'vicinity' have grammaticalized into about ten cases ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1975: 136-141).
The author covers the grammar of the language, the language itself, its phonology and writing system, its lexicon, its nouns and noun morphology, its postpositions and adverbs, demonstratives, pro-forms, noun modifiers, verbs and verb modifiers, and many other closely related subjects.
Except genitive, these endings originated from postpositions and their status was a discussion topic until some years ago.
They are used as postpositions adjacent to the noun to express accusative, dative, and genitive cases.
Among the topics are a grammatical sketch, segmental phonology, nominal and adjectival compounds, ideophones and onomatopoeia, postpositions and adverbials, verbal derivation, verb phrases and predicate structure, relativization and clause nominalization, clause chaining and subordination, quotative constructions, and grammatical pragmatics.
The formations include AN (Adjective + Noun) NA (Noun + Adjective) NN (Noun + Noun) AV (Adjective + Verb) NV (Noun + Verb) and the resulting compounds are mostly adjectives nouns and verbs but there are also adverbs pronouns and postpositions.
He places nouns without prepositions, postpositions and transpositions into direct case while nouns with prepositions, postpositions and transpositions into oblique case.
When counting the number of words, postpositions that are attached at the end of words in Korean were not counted as a word because the Korean syntax does not allow a blank between noun and the postpositions, therefore they were allowed to be omitted without loss of meaning.
Things are equally simple with the oblique NPs, although the slots we are dealing with here are not set up by the verb in the relative clause, but by postpositions or possessor NPs:
It uses postpositions rather than prepositions; and qualifying adverbs, although scarce, precede their adjectives.
Languages in which verbs follow objects tend to use postpositions, as in "The man (subject) the dog (object) put (verb) the canoe in (postposition).