glucose

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glu·cose

 (glo͞o′kōs′)
n.
1. A monosaccharide sugar, C6H12O6, that is used by living things to obtain energy through the process of aerobic respiration within cells. It is the principal circulating sugar in the blood of humans and other mammals.
2. A colorless to yellowish syrupy mixture of dextrose, maltose, and dextrins containing about 20 percent water, used in confectionery, alcoholic fermentation, tanning, and treating tobacco. Also called starch syrup.

[French, from Greek glukus, sweet.]

glucose

(ˈɡluːkəʊz; -kəʊs)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a white crystalline monosaccharide sugar that has several optically active forms, the most abundant being dextrose: a major energy source in metabolism. Formula: C6H12O6
2. (Elements & Compounds) a yellowish syrup (or, after desiccation, a solid) containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrin, obtained by incomplete hydrolysis of starch: used in confectionery, fermentation, etc
[C19: from French, from Greek gleukos sweet wine; related to Greek glukus sweet]
glucosic adj

glu•cose

(ˈglu koʊs)

n.
1. a simple sugar, C6H12O6, that is a product of photosynthesis and is the principal source of energy for all living organisms: concentrated in fruits and honey or readily obtainable from starch, other carbohydrates, or glycogen.
2. a syrup containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrine, obtained by the incomplete hydrolysis of starch.
[1830–40; < French < Greek glykýs sweet]
glu•cos′ic, adj.

glu·cose

(glo͞o′kōs′)
A crystalline sugar having the formula C6H12O6, found in plant and animal tissue and essential to the animal diet. It is transported by blood and lymph to all the cells of the body, where it is broken down to produce ATP, the main source of energy for cellular processes.

glucose

(or dextrose) A simple sugar: the form of carbohydrate absorbed from the alimentary canal, supplied by blood to the muscles and converted for storage to glycogen.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several formsglucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
aldohexose - a monosaccharide sugar having six carbon atoms and an aldehyde group
glucosamine - an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
corn sugar - dextrose made by hydrolysis of cornstarch
dextroglucose, dextrose, grape sugar - an isomer of glucose that is found in honey and sweet fruits
blood glucose, blood sugar - glucose in the bloodstream
Translations
جلوكوزجلوكوز: سُكَّر عِنَب
glucosa
glukózahroznový cukr
glukosedruesukker
glukozo
glukoosi
glukoza
szõlõcukor
glúkósi
グルコースブドウ糖
글루코오스포도당
gliukozė
glikoze
glukózaglukoza
glukosblodsockerdextrosdruvsocker
กลูโคส
đường glucose

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊs] Nglucosa f

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊz ˈgluːkəʊs] nglucose m

glucose

nGlucose f, → Glukose f, → Traubenzucker m

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊs] nglucosio

glucose

(ˈgluːkous) noun
a kind of sugar found in the juice of fruit.

glucose

جلوكوز glukóza glukose Glukose γλυκόζη glucosa glukoosi glucose glukoza glucosio グルコース 글루코오스 glucose glukose glukoza glicose глюкоза glukos กลูโคส glükoz đường glucose 葡萄糖

glu·cose

n. glucosa, dextrosa, azúcar de fruta, fuente principal de energía en organismos vivos;
blood level of ___nivel de ___ en la sangre;
___, tolerance testprueba de tolerancia a la ___.

glucose

n glucosa
References in periodicals archive ?
A key difference is that the short-acting GLP-1RAs slow gastric emptying, resulting in a pronounced effect on the postprandial glucose (PPG) level, particularly related to the meal following dosing.
Recent scientific publications support the role of postprandial glucose (PPG) as a key contributor to overall glucose control and a predictor of microvascular and macrovascular events.
Shihabudeen S, Priscilla DH, Thirumurugan KT (2011) Cinnamon extract inhibits a-glucosidase activity and dampens postprandial glucose excursion in diabetic rats.
Despite the observed decrease in postprandial glucose during the BrEx exercise bout, the glucose AUC of the entire postprandial period after breakfast was not significantly different between test days.
O'Sullivan and Mahan were first to demonstrate that pregnant women had high postprandial glucose concentrations compared with non-pregnant women exposed to a 100g OGTT.
Similarly, the model used in this study represents the changes in postprandial glucose over time as a process with two compartments: the first representing the absorption of glucose in the blood and the second its elimination.
To correlate the levels of testosterone with the fasting glucose levels, postprandial glucose levels, and HbA1c levels.
Recently, three numerical aids to decision-making have been crafted using three easily available glycaemic indices: fasting glucose (FPG), postprandial glucose (PPG), and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c).
To study the postprandial glucose response, the six experimental diets were fed in two amounts to the dogs using a 6 x 2 factorial arrangement (six diets and two dosages), for a total of 12 experimental treatments.
We then subtracted the FPG from eAG in order to calculate the apparent postprandial glucose (aPPG) exposure.
During 2011-2012, the prevalence of diabetes based on 2-hour postprandial glucose, fasting plasma glucose, or hemoglobin A was 14.
Therefore, there may be a use for this agent in patients who have controlled fasting glucose, for example, with insulin, but still have high postprandial glucose.