podesta(redirected from Potestaat)
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The chief magistrate in any of the republics of medieval Italy.
podesta(pɒˈdɛstə; Italian podeˈsta)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in modern Italy) a subordinate magistrate in some towns
2. (Historical Terms) (in Fascist Italy) the chief magistrate of a commune
3. (Historical Terms) (in medieval Italy)
a. any of the governors of the Lombard cities appointed by Frederick Barbarossa
b. a chief magistrate in any of various republics, such as Florence
[C16: from Italian: power, from Latin potestās ability, power, from posse to be able]
po•des•ta(poʊˈdɛs tə, ˌpoʊ dəˈstɑ)
n., pl. -tas.
any of certain magistrates in Italy, as a chief magistrate in medieval towns and republics.
[1540–50; < Italian podestà power < Latin potestās power, command]