Crucially, the description is negated; the poet does not want to name everything in detail and yet, in employing the praeteritio
, does so.
In this final paragraph, I also identify two other figures of thought that accentuate the essayist's argument: the first is praeteritio
, which mentions something that the writer does not want to say, as when Woolf explicitly declares that "there is no need for me ...
To say you are not going to mention a thing while also mentioning it is to adopt the rhetorical trope called "praeteritio
." Beegel was the first to identify the presence here of this "ironic device" (62), one that "appears in many works by Hemingway" (109), especially works from the later career.
The literary form of the Horti, which imitates Virgil's Georgics in general, is analyzed as far as metrics, division into several books, extent, communicative situation, paratexts, prooemium, praeteritio
of medicinal plants, aitiological epyllion, and sphragis are concerned (66-99).
In addition, they present a frequent recourse to ellipsis or reticence, aposiopesis (unfinished sentences, suspension dots) and praeteritio
The Chorus's introduction of the noverca through the rhetorical device of praeteritio
(quid plura canam?) seems fairly innocuous in context--a standard persuasive strategy that uses silence, a 'refusal' to explain, to emphasize a point, drawing listeners into a community of understanding and consensus ("Of course, you all know already what we mean").
Suffice here to recall the eidetic force of his descriptions, the ever-surprising originality and justness of his similes and metaphors, the light-handed shading of narration into meditation and vice versa, the exquisite handling of iteratio, variation, and praeteritio
, the three figures of speech that have come to be a sort of trademark of his style.
At the beginning of his story introducing Neaira for the first time (19-20), Apollodorus gives the names of all the seven girls who, as he says, worked for Nicarete, while he bypasses the details of their subsequent manumissions with a praeteritio
implying that he possesses full knowledge about the girls' subsequent careers.
For example, van Eemeren and Houtlosser (2000) pointed to rhetorical figures such as praeteritio
, concilliatio, and prolepsis for their role in argumentative discourse, and Rigotti (2006) discusses the use of topics or topoi in the study of argumentation and contextual factors.