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n.1.(Rom. Antiq.) A white robe with a purple border, worn by a Roman boy before he was entitled to wear the toga virilis, or until about the completion of his fourteenth year, and by girls until their marriage. It was also worn by magistrates and priests.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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Species such as Pyrocoelia praetexta Olivier, Luciola ficta Olivier and Lamprigera yunnana Fairmaire, for example, attack ants, earthworms, shellfish, snails and other small arthropods by injecting them with a sort of digestive liquid that anesthetizes victims.
Freeborn Romans could only wear the toga praetexta, which was ordinary white with a broad purple stripe along the border.
Newlands (78) notes that the verb praetextum 'may hint at Augustus' predominance as the supreme magistrate of the Roman state by playing off the resonance of the verb with the toga praetexta, the mark of senatorial authority.' Barchiesi, too, (79) suggests that Mars views the inscription 'like the purple stripe of the toga praetexta the official garment that was the generic marker of the scenic celebrations of victory and communal salvation (fabulae praetextae or praetextatae).' The serious dramatic nature of a 'performance sanctioning a victory' indeed ties in with Ovid's final reference to Mars' solemn games held in the circus: the stage did not seem appropriate for the mighty god (597-98).
College London, UK) provides an introduction to the fundamentals of Roman drama and its context, and a selection of representative dramatic texts in their original language, including excerpts from tragedy, comedy, praetexta, togata, and mime from the Republican and imperial periods, as well as a selection of key testimonia to the background of Roman theater and a section on the reception of Roman drama by poets in England up to the present.
Trimalchio's shroud of choice, in which he is depicted on his tomb, is the toga praetexta, which he will wear along with five golden rings.
Both boys and girls of the elite wore a toga with a purple border, the toga praetexta, which was also the dress of magistrates and the early kings of Rome.