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Related to Praetors: praetorship, praetor, Prætor, Urban praetor


also pre·tor  (prē′tər)
An annually elected magistrate of the ancient Roman Republic, ranking below but having approximately the same functions as a consul.

[Middle English pretor, from Old French, from Latin praetor, perhaps from praeīre, to go before : prae-, pre- + īre, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

prae·to′ri·al (prē-tôr′ē-əl) adj.
prae′tor·ship′ n.


(ˈpriːtə; -tɔː) or


(Historical Terms) (in ancient Rome) any of several senior magistrates ranking just below the consuls
[C15: from Latin: one who leads the way, probably from praeīre, from prae- before + īre to go]
praeˈtorial, preˈtorial adj
ˈpraetorship, ˈpretorship n


or pre•tor

(ˈpri tər)

an elected magistrate in ancient Rome ranking next below a consul, charged chiefly with the administration of civil justice.
[1375–1425; late Middle English pretor < Latin praetor, for *praeitor=*praei-, variant s. of praeīre to go before, lead (prae- prae- + īre to go) + -tor -tor]
prae•to′ri•al (-ˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-) adj.
prae′tor•ship`, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.praetor - an annually elected magistrate of the ancient Roman Republic
judge, jurist, justice - a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice


nPrätor m
References in classic literature ?
According to the primitive constitution, there were two praetors associated in the administration; but on trial a single one was preferred.
According to Evelyn, "the wise Solomon prescribed ordinances for the very distances of trees; and the Roman praetors have decided how often you may go into your neighbor's land to gather the acorns which fall on it without trespass, and what share belongs to that neighbor.
Nevertheless, he accompanied his infamies with so much ability of mind and body that, having devoted himself to the military profession, he rose through its ranks to be Praetor of Syracuse.
Prior to Augustus' reign, the Praetorian Guard served for nearly a century as military protection and escorts for praetors, lower-level Roman government officials.
The element of autonomy was not formalised in the time of the Republic, but was conceded by the State to the responsa of the jurists, and to the edicts of the praetors.
As a freedman, Trimalchio was prevented from holding games by Augustus' law that gave the praetors the duty of hosting games and placed a cap on how much private money could be spent on games.
The edicts of the praetors have revolutionized Roman civil law in the late Republic.
10) One might assume that this is because the Romans did not know better, but Hegel also makes it clear that the authority of Roman norms did not depend on ignorance of their irrationality: he explicitly praises those Roman jurists and praetors who finessed the disparity between the letter of the Twelve Tables and the demands of justice, applauding them for "smuggling rationality" into their decisions.
When the Romans extended their reach beyond Italy, the Capuans and then the people of Antium sent for Roman praetors to resolve their differences.
archbishops and bishops, deacons and subdeacons, patricians, praetors,
Although the praetors had no legislative powers, they could issue administrative regulations--praetorial edicts that, in the course of time, came to include remedies at law; thus, Equity Law was born.
An ideal edition would have explanatory appendices like those very helpful ones included in Colleen McCullough's "Masters of Rome" novels, to help us distinguish among aediles, praetors, quaestors, and so on.