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This was the beginning of emancipation of the Thai people culminating in a bloodless coup in 1932 led by a group of foreign educated students and men from the military that compelled King Prajadhipok to grant a constitution, handing over the affairs of the government to a prime minister.
What interests Ferrara here is that group's failure, first, effectively or aggressively to oppose royalist efforts to undermine its democratic project, efforts in which King Prajadhipok himself had a hand, or, second, to generate mass backing for that project.
A network of groups, including academics and institutions such as the King Prajadhipok Institute (the National Assembly's research and training outfit) favoured the agenda.
Later, with the support of the Bangkok-based King Prajadhipok Institute, the group developed training workshops and manuals, introducing locals to methods of setting up and running community radio stations.
In 1932 King Prajadhipok was overthrown by a military coup which led to Gen.
King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) initially accepted this change but later surrendered the kingship to his 10-year-old nephew.
LePoer (1987) agreed with this assessment, noting that a small group of Westernized military leaders and bureaucrats accomplished a bloodless coup in 1932 and forced a constitutional monarchy on King Prajadhipok.
An indication of how Pratt manipulated connections to serve his business interests, his visit was preceded by a letter to Siam's King Prajadhipok from A.
Prajadhipok had not expected to become king and was ill-prepared for the task, which was made all the more difficult by a lack of personal authority, the legacy of his predecessor's wild policies, princely squabbles and, ultimately, the depression of the 1930s.
To quote Lady Maclean again, the king in 1932, Prajadhipok, even though he had accepted the new constitutional monarchy, had lost the will not to live but to reign, and abdicated in favour of his schoolboy nephew, Ananda, the eldest son of his brother Mahidol who died young, leaving his wife to bring up three children, little knowing their destiny.
In the 1930s he also became tutor to the son of King Prajadhipok of Siam (now Thailand) and afterward taught at several U.