Prakrit


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Related to Prakrit: Brahmi, Prakrit literature

Pra·krit

 (prä′krĭt)
n.
1. Any of the vernacular and literary Indic languages recorded from the third century bc to the fourth century ad, as opposed to Sanskrit.
2. Any of the modern Indic languages.

[Sanskrit prākṛtam, from neuter sing. of prākṛta-, natural, vulgar, vernacular : pra-, before, forward; see per in Indo-European roots + karoti, he makes; see Sanskrit.]

Pra·krit′ic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Prakrit

(ˈprɑːkrɪt)
n
(Languages) any of the vernacular Indic languages as distinguished from Sanskrit: spoken from about 300 bc to the Middle Ages. See also Pali
[C18: from Sanskrit prāktra original, from pra- before + kr to do, make + -ta indicating a participle]
Praˈkritic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Pra•krit

(ˈprɑ krɪt, -krit)

n.
any of the vernacular Indo-Aryan languages of the ancient and medieval periods, as distinguished from Sanskrit.
[1780–90; < Skt prākṛta, derivative of prakṛti vulgar, natural, original]
Pra•krit•ic (prəˈkrɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Prakrit - any of the modern Indic languages
Indic, Indo-Aryan - a branch of the Indo-Iranian family of languages
2.Prakrit - any of the vernacular Indic languages of north and central India (as distinguished from Sanskrit) recorded from the 3rd century BC to the 4th century AD
Indic, Indo-Aryan - a branch of the Indo-Iranian family of languages
Pali - an ancient Prakrit language (derived from Sanskrit) that is the scriptural and liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Part three, called "Smells in Practice," summarizes the body of texts in Sanskrit and Prakrit on perfumery, most of them dating after 1000 C.E., with the earliest being Varahamihira's Brhatsamhita (6th C.
In light of recent research on the underlying language of the earliest Chinese translations of Indian Mahayana siitras as well as the recent finds of Mahayana texts in Gandhari Prakrit, we can say with certainty that Mahayana texts existed in this region from the turn of the Common Era.
Siegfried Lienhard's 1973 "Akapportll and Sanskrit Muktaka Poetry" offers a reading of Prakrit poetry in light of catikam literary conventions (see his examples on p.
The earliest example of a literary elaboration upon this deed in isolation from Krgia's biography is the Harivijaya (HVj) of Sarvasena, a kavya poem in Maharastri Prakrit dating to the early fifth century C.E.
He wrote a hundred-page article on Sanskrit and Prakrit poetry, but it was really about prosody exclusively; poetry was one of the few lacunae in Colebrooke's wide-ranging reading and writing.
The first etude, "A propos de pali phasuvihara, ardhamagadhi phasuya-esanijja," in investigating the etymology and usage of the shared lexical item phasu(ka)-, is much devoted to the mechanisms of its contrastive semantic development in the two languages (actually more than two, including Asokan Prakrit and Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit, inter alia) and the two religious communities, Buddhist and Jaina, that used them.
Perhaps the earliest references to civet in a text on perfumery are found in a number of recipes contained in a fascinating and rather difficult text called the Girdle of Hara, the Haramekhala, composed in Prakrit by a certain Mahuka or Madhuka and dating most probably from the ninth or tenth centuries of the Common Era, possibly written in what is modern day Rajasthan (HIML IIa, 134-35).
In a 4th-century (if not earlier) text like the Jain Prakrit Angavijja, yavanas are clubbed along with Dravidas and Mundas as mlecchas, those of mixed caste.
Promotion of Indian and classical languages and setting up three new national institutes for Pali, Persian, and Prakrit and an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) have also been recommended.
(2.) The earliest inscription to record the term (Prakrit tivaga) is the Nasik Cave Inscription of Vasishtiputra of 149 AD.
Petersburg University, where beginning in 1906 he studied Sanskrit, Prakrit, Pali, Tibetan, Mongolian, Chinese, and Japanese.