Prakrit

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Pra·krit

 (prä′krĭt)
n.
1. Any of the vernacular and literary Indic languages recorded from the third century bc to the fourth century ad, as opposed to Sanskrit.
2. Any of the modern Indic languages.

[Sanskrit prākṛtam, from neuter sing. of prākṛta-, natural, vulgar, vernacular : pra-, before, forward; see per in Indo-European roots + karoti, he makes; see Sanskrit.]

Pra·krit′ic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Prakrit

(ˈprɑːkrɪt)
n
(Languages) any of the vernacular Indic languages as distinguished from Sanskrit: spoken from about 300 bc to the Middle Ages. See also Pali
[C18: from Sanskrit prāktra original, from pra- before + kr to do, make + -ta indicating a participle]
Praˈkritic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Pra•krit

(ˈprɑ krɪt, -krit)

n.
any of the vernacular Indo-Aryan languages of the ancient and medieval periods, as distinguished from Sanskrit.
[1780–90; < Skt prākṛta, derivative of prakṛti vulgar, natural, original]
Pra•krit•ic (prəˈkrɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Prakrit - any of the modern Indic languages
Indic, Indo-Aryan - a branch of the Indo-Iranian family of languages
2.Prakrit - any of the vernacular Indic languages of north and central India (as distinguished from Sanskrit) recorded from the 3rd century BC to the 4th century AD
Indic, Indo-Aryan - a branch of the Indo-Iranian family of languages
Pali - an ancient Prakrit language (derived from Sanskrit) that is the scriptural and liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
But masses continued to use their indigenous languages which were known as Prakrits, peoples' natural languages.
It is also likely that many names were transmitted through the vernacular Prakrits rather than from Sanskrit itself.
The large majority of linguists agree that Urdu language derived from Sanskrit1 into the languages known as the Prakrits. One of those languages was Khari Boli, a language spoken in the north of India from where Hindvi and consequently, Urdu and Hindi languages derived.2
Discussing questions of early dialect variations Southworth says (2005: 155): "In interpreting earlier evidence it is important to note that some scholars, for instance Chatterji, have assumed (tacitly or explicitly) that Pali and the Prakrits represent a stage intermediate between the earliest Indo-Aryan and the modern spoken languages.
Especially important is Vertogradova (1967), which studies the phonostatistical structure of the prakrits (five Middle Indic dialects), and was missed by Tesitelova, even though it follows and develops the ideas of the Western linguists Harary & Paper (1957).
in one of the Indo-Aryan vernaculars collectively known as Prakrits, more specifically late Middle Indic Apabhramga).
This solution has the advantage of resorting to a true phonological constraint of Middle-Indo-Aryan (for cases of -ss- degemination accompained by compensatory lengthening in Prakrits, see Pischel 1900 [section] 63), and it bears mentioning that it is true that the suffix -hi- appears with relatively high frequency in stems where it is preceded by a long vowel (for a different interpretation, see below).
Source languages for borrowings include languages in the Dravidian, Munda, and Austro-Asiatic families with long histories in South Asia, as well as Prakrits, Middle Indic, and Modern Indic languages considered to be descendants of Sanskrit.
Chapter two outlines the brilliant indigenous Indian tradition of linguistics, including grammars of Prakrits, and thus attempts more than its title, "Panini and Tolkappiyar," intimates.
Renou also showed himself, inter alia, somewhat skeptical of the thesis, put forward by Bhandarkar, and partially resurrected here, that Prakrit works might provide a model for those of classical kavya: La plupart des textes prakrits qui nous sont conserves, loin d'etre la source des oeuvres sanskrites, en sont la transposition pure et simple.
Carudatta: Ein indisches Schauspiel: Kritische Edition und Ubersetzung mil einer Studie des Prakrits der "Trivandrum-Dramen." BY ANNA AURELIA ESPOSITO.
The Buddha allegedly rebuked his Brahman disciples for promoting Sanskrit as the exclusive language of religious teaching and As'oka did not feel any scruples about using the Prakrits as vehicles of state propaganda, but several centuries later Sanskrit became the expected language of both secular and Buddhist texts.