A Your viewer is part of a category of antiques they call 'pre-cinema' and these include optical devices like the spinning zoetrope, the praxinoscope
and the humble flip book.
In the late nineteenth century there was a flurry of devices and a parade of names, which all contributed more or less, depending on one's perspective, to the development of cinematic culture in forms that we might recognise today: praxinoscope
, zoopraxiscope, chronophotographs, biofantascope, kinetograph, kinetophonograph, Reynaud, Muybridge, Marey, Friese-Green, Edison, to cite just a handful.
sculpture moved there as well, sandwiched between Depiction and a smaller perforated screen, also backlit, that incorporates a double-headed eagle.
From an 18th century Kinora - a motion picture for the home where a wheel is rotated by a handle and the pictures when viewed through a lens give the illusion of motion - to Praxinoscope
, Zoetropes and other objects operating on similar principle demonstrate early attempts at animation.
It's the one achievement of science, art and craft without which motion pictures could never have progressed beyond such parlour amusements as the zeotrope and praxinoscope