Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


also pre-Raph·a·el·ite  (prē-răf′ē-ə-līt′, -rā′fē-)
A painter or writer belonging to or influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, a society founded in England in 1848 to advance the style and spirit of Italian painting before Raphael.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of the Pre-Raphaelites.

Pre-Raph′a·el·it′ism n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the principles of the 19th-century artists and writers who sought to restore the principles and practices thought to be characteristic of Italian art before Raphael. — Pre-Raphaelite, n., adj.
See also: Art
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in classic literature ?
His first volume of verse, 'The Defence of Guinevere and Other Poems,' put forth in 1858, shows the influence of Rossetti and Pre-Raphaelitism, but it mainly gives vivid presentation to the spirit of fourteenth-century French chivalry.
Ruskin ranged across subjects that covered everything from to Pre-Raphaelitism to political economy and pollution; when his works are studied today, however, it is often in extracted form: 'The Nature of Gothic' from The Stones of Venice, say, as an early statement of the autonomy of the craftsman, or passages from Sesame and Lilies taken as representative of Victorian notions of domesticity.
Next year we anticipate several important books to review, including studies of Pre-Raphaelitism and Orientalism, Morris's Icelandic translations, his socialist writings, and a welcome new Morris biography.
"Critics, Coteries, and Pre-Raphaelite Celebrity" sheds new light on Victorian discourses on sexuality and masculinity through a thick description of literary bravado, the emotions of male bonding within cliques, and homoerotic frissons among the creators and reviewers of Pre-Raphaelitism.
In addition to that publication Giuliana Pieri likewise explores D'Annunzio's focus on 'art, beauty and the aesthetic' (2012: 15), observing that D'Annunzio 'played a major part in the reception of Pre-Raphaelite art in Italy in the 1880s and 1890s and helped create, especially in Rome, a fashionable Pre-Raphaelitism which encompassed painting, the decorative arts, book illustration, and dress history' (2012: 16).
Among the topics are Gustave Dore: French interpreter of Tennyson's Idylls of the King; sleeping beauties and femmes fatales: Tennyson, Gabriele D'Annunzio, and Italian pre-Raphaelitism; between Victorian "hypocrisy" and "spiritual supremacy:" Tennyson in Portugal; and Tennyson in Greek letters 1830-1930: from, Enoch Arden to "Ulysses." ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
To my view, considering the clearly gendered canvas of Pre-Raphaelitism, any text discussing the period must mandatorily address issues of essentialist female representation and objectification in the perpetuation of gender hierarchization (Pollock [1988] 2008, 13).
Under the rubric 'Medievalism', D'Arcens includes the Gothic, Historical Romance (Walter Scott's novels in particular), the poetry of Tennyson, the Oxford Movement (Newman, Pugin), Pre-Raphaelitism, Orientalism, Aestheticism, Decadence, and a 'contemporary material medievalism' (p.
This line of argument has been pursued recently by Rita Wright and Margaret Armstrong, who connect Harrison's enthusiasm for pre-Raphaelitism with her early engagement with late Victorian High Church ritualism.
(23) In a lecture focusing on 'pre-Raphaelitism', Ruskin offensively projected an influential contrast between medievalism and modernism, demonizing the latter: 'Your present education, to all intents and purposes, denies Christ, and that is intensely and peculiarly modernism ...
For the Waugh specialist, many tags are to be expected: architecture, interior decoration, 'Great Britain--Social Life and Customs', Pre-Raphaelitism, and Catholicism.
16) and within which, they suggest, 'lies the dynamic force of Pre-Raphaelitism as an avant-garde movement.' They are probably right.