1868 The impeachment trial of US President Andrew Johnson
begins in the US Senate.
Through their eyes readers experience the fierce contest between President Andrew Johnson
and the Radical Republicans resulting in the nation's first presidential impeachment; the adoption of the revolutionary Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments; the first achievements of black political power; and the murderous terrorism of the Klan and other groups that, combined with northern weariness, indifference, and hostility, eventually resulted in the restoration of white supremacy in the South.
Historical Anniversaries: The World Almanac's recurring feature expands to incorporate milestone events and cultural touchstones dating to the book's founding year, from the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson
to the publication of Little Women.
secretary of war ad interim under President Andrew Johnson
, his 1868 presidential campaign and two-term presidency, his unsuccessful 1880 presidential bid, his extensive international travels and the financial difficulties late in life that spurred the writing of his memoir, which he completed just days before his death from tongue cancer in July 1885.
In a tightly woven narrative of nine chapters and a conclusion, utilizing the technique of data mining, the author focuses on the postsurrender wartime actions of President Andrew Johnson
and congressional Republicans.
After Lincoln's assassination, President Andrew Johnson
sought to prevent Radical Republicans from imposing a ruthless Reconstruction on a defeated and devastated South.
1868: US President Andrew Johnson
narrowly fought off an impeachment attempt, part of a clash over the course of the country following the Civil War.
Williams concludes that the military commission was the appropriate venue for the trial, although he does point out some procedural and ethical lapses that ensured Mary Surrat's execution, despite several requests that President Andrew Johnson
extend clemency to her.
Despite the victory, President Andrew Johnson
, a Tennessean who had been Lincoln's running mate and became president after Lincoln's death, was determined to continue to punish the South.
He then handed over power to a provisional governor appointed by President Andrew Johnson
President Andrew Johnson
vetoed the Act in March, 1866, but the Republican-controlled Congress overrode his veto, enacting the Civil Rights Act on April 9, 1866, which became the first Act of such magnitude to be passed over a Presidential veto.
It begins with a chronology, then presents narrative chapters that detail wartime planning for Reconstruction, including free labor and educational experiments with former slaves; the attempts of President Andrew Johnson
to restore the Confederate states to the Union; the conflict between the president and Congress for control of Reconstruction policy, its political, social, and economic consequences for Southerners, the role of African American leaders, and white supremacist violence; the defeat of Reconstruction through violence and fraud; and the return of white southern Democrats to power.