In which country did Prince Sihanouk
become king in 1941?
attempted to keep Cambodia neutral and denied the Viet Minh permission to use Cambodian territory, which denial they proceeded to ignore.
Using Sihanouk as a figurehead, the Khmer Rouge was increasingly successful in its struggle against the US-backed government by giving Cambodians the illusion that it would restore Prince Sihanouk
was put under virtual house arrest.
1991: Prince Sihanouk
of Cambodia returned to Phnom Penh after nearly 13 years in exile.
As Prince Sihanouk
, he was prime minister for various periods from 1955 and was elected head of state in 1960.
But under the leadership of future Khmer Rouge foreign minister Ieng Sary, who was severe and disciplined, the Cercle Marxiste gradually found its purpose in unseating the hated French-collusionist regime of Prince Sihanouk
in Phnom Penh.
In "Intda's Prophecy I," for example, the animal tale is in fact a minihistory of contemporary Cambodia: the cobra in the poem is a reference to Pol Pot, the Prince of Swans to Prince Sihanouk
, the black crows and buffaloes and tigers to the Khmer Rouge, the white egrets to the Viet Cong, the crayfish and gray egrets to Lon Nol and his followers, the domestic bulls to the government of current Cambodian strongman Hun Sen, et cetera.
CAMBODIA won full independence from France in 1953 but the Government, led by Prince Sihanouk
, was attacked by the Marxist Khmer Rouge.
In Cambodia, the CIA organized the Khmer Serei, an anti-Sihanouk force that failed to bring down Prince Sihanouk
, and only contributed to his determination to remain neutral.
Before coming to power in April 1975, the Khmer Rouge exploited the popularity of then Prince Sihanouk
to rally support for their revolutionary cause.
When Prince Sihanouk
returned to the throne in 1991, dancers, in their golden and brocaded costumes, were among the official delegations at the airport to greet him.