The paper is organized in the following order: the next section reviews existing methods and algorithms for approximating LOS probability function
in a spatially consistent manner.
The simulation result shows how much N-coupled TSV crosstalk glitch noise can affect the single bit error rate when the probability function
type of the manufacturing noise is considered.
To find the Weibull probability function
, two parameters must be known.
P(h| [V.sup.(t)], [theta]) was a hidden probability distribution of training sample [V.sup.(t)]; P(v, h | [theta]) was a joint probability function
for a given state (v, h); the function was
To overcome these limitations, a discrete choice model is used to estimate gap acceptance as probability and only the mean value of gap acceptance based on the probability function
for success in accepting a gap.
[alpha] is crack length (urn); [beta] is reliability index; G(Xj) is the limit state function; [K.sub.I] is stress intensity factor in mode I (MPa.[square root of (term)]m); [K.sub.IC] is critical stress intensity factor (MPa.[square root of (term)]m); p is operating pressure (MPa); [P.sub.f] is probability of failure; P is probability operator; r is pipe radius (mm); SDR is standard dimension ratio; t is wall thickness (mm); [X.sub.j] is random variables; Y is geometrical factor; [[sigma].sub.max] is stress max (MPa); [[sigma].sub.e] is yield stress (MPa); [PHI](-[beta]) is cumulative Gaussian probability function
As we have seen in our example, the addition of a factor changes the probability distribution and, given that the process under question is an indeterministic process, the new probability function
could increase or decrease the values of the different final states in S(x).
Haavelmo (1944) also distinguished observational, true, and theoretical variables, and demonstrated at length how to use a joint probability function
to estimate simultaneous equations.
Figure 1 illustrates the histogram, box plot and empirical cumulative probability function
, for the mean incidence considering each rootstock.
Obtained results show that the highest consumption of 100 PHEVs occurs at 17:00 hours and it is close to 200 kW; however, a probability function
of the energy consumed by a vehicle is not presented.
Now the probability function
of the target model is represented by,
We represent the chance distribution at t at w by the probability function