Monera

(redirected from Prokaryotae)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Prokaryotae: kingdom Monera

Mo•ne•ra

(məˈnɪər ə)

n. (used with a pl. v.)
a taxonomic kingdom of prokaryotic organisms that typically reproduce by asexual budding or fission, comprising the bacteria, blue-green algae, and various primitive pathogens.
[< New Latin (1869), pl. of monēron, < Greek monḗrēs solitary, single, derivative of mónos alone, only]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Monera - prokaryotic bacteria and blue-green algae and various primitive pathogensMonera - prokaryotic bacteria and blue-green algae and various primitive pathogens; because of lack of consensus on how to divide the organisms into phyla informal names are used for the major divisions
moneran, moneron - organisms that typically reproduce by asexual budding or fission and whose nutritional mode is absorption or photosynthesis or chemosynthesis
division Archaebacteria - in some classifications considered a kingdom
division Eubacteria - one-celled monerans having simple cells with rigid walls and (in motile types) flagella
family Lactobacillaceae, family Lactobacteriaceae, Lactobacillaceae, Lactobacteriaceae - lactic acid bacteria and important pathogens; bacteria that ferment carbohydrates chiefly into lactic acid
phylum Pyrrophyta, Pyrrophyta - a division of lower plants comprising unicellular and biflagellate algae that form starchy compounds
kingdom - the highest taxonomic group into which organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia
References in periodicals archive ?
Taxonomic classification started to rely on a "comparative approach that can measure the degree of difference in comparable structures," which not only allowed a more resolved phylogeny and a less biased organization based on the Prokaryotae versus Eukaryotae dichotomy but also made it possible to better understand how life on earth has come to be [33].
The eukaryotic microbes, amitochondriate heterotrophs, are wood-ingesting motile protists (phylum Archaeprotista, class Parabasalia, kingdom Protoctista), whereas the attached prokaryotes are recognized by morphology and motility (live, videography, light and electron microscopy) as spirochetes: phylum Spirochae-tae of the kingdom Prokaryotae (Margulis, 2000; Margulis and Chapman, 2010).