antigen

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Related to Proliferating cell nuclear antigen: PCNA

an·ti·gen

 (ăn′tĭ-jən) also an·ti·gene (-jēn′)
n.
A molecule that is capable of binding to an antibody or to an antigen receptor on a T cell, especially one that induces an immune response. An antigen is usually a foreign substance, such as a toxin or a component of a virus, bacterium, or parasite.

an′ti·gen′ic (-jĕn′ĭk) adj.
an′ti·gen′i·cal·ly adv.
an′ti·ge·nic′i·ty (-jə-nĭs′ĭ-tē) n.

antigen

(ˈæntɪdʒən; -ˌdʒɛn) or

antigene

n
(Biochemistry) a substance that stimulates the production of antibodies
[C20: from anti(body) + -gen]
ˌantiˈgenic adj
ˌantiˈgenically adv

an•ti•gen

(ˈæn tɪ dʒən, -ˌdʒɛn)

n.
1. any substance that can stimulate the production of antibodies and combine specifically with them.
2. any commercial substance that, when injected or absorbed into animal tissues, stimulates the production of antibodies.
3. antigens of a particular type collectively.
[1905–10; anti (body) + -gen]
an`ti•gen′ic, adj.
an`ti•gen′i•cal•ly, adv.
an`ti•ge•nic′i•ty (-dʒəˈnɪs ɪ ti) n.

an·ti·gen

(ăn′tĭ-jən)
A substance that stimulates the production of an antibody when introduced into the body. Antigens include toxins, bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances. See Note at blood type.

antigen

A molecule recognized as foreign by the body’s immune system, causing the release of antibodies.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antigen - any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
substance - a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties; "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"
immunizing agent, immunogen - any substance or organism that provokes an immune response (produces immunity) when introduced into the body
immunology - the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system
agglutinogen - any substance that acts as an antigen to cause agglutinin production
fetoprotein, foetoprotein - any of several antigens that occur naturally in the fetus and sometimes in adults with cancer
anatoxin, toxoid - a bacterial toxin that has been weakened until it is no longer toxic but is strong enough to induce the formation of antibodies and immunity to the specific disease caused by the toxin; "diphtheria toxoid"
antigenic determinant, epitope, determinant - the site on the surface of an antigen molecule to which an antibody attaches itself
Rh, Rh factor, rhesus factor - a blood group antigen possessed by Rh-positive people; if an Rh-negative person receives a blood transfusion from an Rh-positive person it can result in hemolysis and anemia
Translations
antigen
antigeeni
antigén
antígeno
antigen
antigen

antigen

[ˈæntɪdʒən] Nantígeno m

antigen

[ˈæntɪdʒən] nantigène manti-hero antihero [ˈæntihɪərəʊ] nantihéros m

antigen

nAntigen nt

antigen

[ˈæntɪdʒən] nantigene m

an·ti·gen

n. antígeno, sustancia tóxica que estimula la formación de anticuerpos;
carcinoembriogenic ______ carcinoembriogénico.

antigen

n antígeno; carcinoembryonic — antígeno carcinoembrionario; prostate-specific — (PSA) antígeno prostático específico (APE)
References in periodicals archive ?
Slides were stained by hematoxylin and eosin for general structure, periodic acid Schiff (PAS) for basement membrane, Masson trichrome for collagen, and immunohistochemically for caspase-3 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA).
GA, gallic acid; PCNA, proliferating cell nuclear antigen; BAX, Bcl-2-associated X protein; Data were expressed as mean [+ or -] standard error of the mean of three independent experiments.
The mean amount of living tissue and the mean PCNA levels in the zone of stasis on the post-burn Day 7 Amount of Living PCNA ([dagger][dagger]) Tissue ([dagger]) Group 1 16.81[+ or -]9.48 (a,b) 30.00[+ or -]10.80 (b,c) Group 2 40.37[+ or -]9.75 (a,c) 33.80[+ or -]8.70 (c) Group 3 85.41[+ or -]14.06 (b,c) 54.40[+ or -]3.65 (b,c) p <0.001 ([dagger]) <0.05 ([dagger][dagger]) PCNA: proliferating cell nuclear antigen ([dagger]) One-way ANOVA, (a) : Group 1 vs Group 2 (p<0.05), (b) : Group 1 vs Group 3 (p<0.01), (c) : Group 2 vs Group 3 (p<0.001).
HULC: long non-coding RNA highly upregulated in liver cancer; sh-HULC: pGPU6/GFP/Neo plasmid carrying short-hairpin RNA targeting HULC; sh-NC; pGPU6/GFP/Neo plasmid carrying a non-targeting RNA; pEX-HULC: pEX-2 plasmid carrying full-length HULC; PCNA: proliferating cell nuclear antigen.
Abbreviations MSCs: Mesenchymal stem cells hUC-MSCs: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells ALF: Acute liver failure D-GalN: D-galactosamine HGF: Hepatocyte growth factor C-Met: Cellular mesenchymal to epithelial transition factor AST: Aspartate aminotransferase TBil: Total bilirubin ALT: Alanine aminotransferase EVs: Extracellular vesicles PCNA: Proliferating cell nuclear antigen TUNEL: Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated nick-end labeling IGF-1: Insulin-like growth factor-1 VEGF: Vascular endothelial growth factor EGF: Epidermal growth factor.
Naryzhny, "Proliferating cell nuclear antigen: a proteomics view," Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, vol.
Differential role of proliferating cell nuclear antigen," The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
(a) Proliferative activity in the colon was assessed by using proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) antibody The index of colonic crypt cells expressing proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA-i) was calculated from the ratio of positively stained nuclei to a total number of nuclei counted.
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen protein (PCNA) is a 36 KDa protein and its expression has been reported in fetal and adult ovaries in several mammals (24, 25).
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA): ringmaster of the genome.