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Related to Prosimians: Primates


Any of various primates of the suborder Prosimii, which consists of the lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers.

[From New Latin Prosīmiī, suborder name : Latin pro-, before; see pro-1 + Latin sīmiī, pl. of sīmius, ape (variant of sīmia; see simian).]

pro·sim′i·an adj.


(Animals) any primate of the primitive suborder Prosimii, including lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers
(Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the Prosimii
[C19: via New Latin from pro-2 + Latin sīmia ape]


(proʊˈsɪm i ən)

1. pertaining to primates of the suborder Prosimii, characterized by nocturnal habits and large eyes and ears: includes lemurs, lorises, and bush babies.
2. a prosimian animal.
[1855–60; < New Latin Prosimi(i) (see pro-2, simian) + -an1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prosimian - primitive primates having large ears and eyes and characterized by nocturnal habitsprosimian - primitive primates having large ears and eyes and characterized by nocturnal habits
primate - any placental mammal of the order Primates; has good eyesight and flexible hands and feet
Prosimii, suborder Prosimii - not used in all classifications; in some classifications considered coextensive with the Lemuroidea; in others includes both Lemuroidea and Tarsioidea
References in periodicals archive ?
And for the first time, we've included a lynx talk into our packed programme, allowing visitors to learn all about out three Carpathian lynx - Daisy, Dave and Dakota - and a lemur talk about our cheeky Madagascan prosimians.
There were notable ([+ or -] 20%) increases in the use of dogs (28%), equines (68%), sheep (108%), old world monkeys (49%), prosimians (157%), amphibians (102%) and fish (28%).
In zoology, which order of mammals include apes, monkeys, prosimians and man?
Neoplasia in prosimians: case series from a captive prosimian population and literature review.
Descartes' stark divide between human and nonhuman was ignored by 18th-century taxonomist Carolus Linnaeus, who placed humans within the primate group, alongside apes, monkeys, prosimians, and bats, and, with his 1859 publication of On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, Charles Darwin would challenge the Cartesian division directly and emphatically.
Lemurs are prosimians - primates that began to evolve before monkeys - and as such provide a crucial link to our understanding of evolution.
From an ecological point of view the low metabolic rates of prosimians are not an evolutionary primitive feature but rather represent a mechanism to cope with environmental constraints (Muller, 1985).
They were traditionally divided into two major groups: prosimians and simians (or anthropoids) (e.
Lemurs are prosimians, a group composed of smaller primates that have more primitive features than monkeys or apes, including--sorry, guys--a littler brain than simians of comparable size.
The topics include prosimians and the second radiation, paleobiogeographical perspectives on the origin of the Platyrrhini, species diversity and diet in monkeys and apes during the Miocene, the single-species hypothesis of competitive exclusion among lower Pleistocene hominids, and a molecular approach to the question of human origins.
Hurum's claim was that, although Ida plainly resembled some prosimians (lemurs, tarsiers, and their extinct ancestors), her fossil also revealed anthropoid-like--and thus human-like--features including a partially fused lower mandible and a talus foot bone.
Vasey in International Review of Primatology, "Available data indicate that this behavior [same-sex sexuality] is phylogenetically widespread among the anthropoid primates, but totally absent among prosimians.