Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


1. (Plants) a plant from the genus Prunus, bearing fruits such as the peach, cherry, plum, and almond
2. (Plants) any of the ornamental cherry trees, planted for their white or pink blossoms
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prunus - a genus of shrubs and trees of the family Rosaceae that is widely distributed in temperate regionsPrunus - a genus of shrubs and trees of the family Rosaceae that is widely distributed in temperate regions
rosid dicot genus - a genus of dicotyledonous plants
family Rosaceae, Rosaceae, rose family - a large family of dicotyledonous plants of order Rosales; have alternate leaves and five-petaled flowers with numerous stamens
plum, plum tree - any of several trees producing edible oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single hard stone
plumcot, plumcot tree - hybrid produced by crossing Prunus domestica and Prunus armeniaca
apricot, apricot tree - Asian tree having clusters of usually white blossoms and edible fruit resembling the peach
common apricot, Prunus armeniaca - temperate zone tree bearing downy yellow to rosy fruits
black apricot, Prunus dasycarpa, purple apricot - small hybrid apricot of Asia and Asia Minor having purplish twigs and white flowers following by inferior purple fruit
cherry tree, cherry - any of numerous trees and shrubs producing a small fleshy round fruit with a single hard stone; many also produce a valuable hardwood
Prunus besseyi, Rocky Mountains cherry, Western sand cherry - dwarf ornamental shrub of western United States having large black to red and yellow sweet edible fruit
Prunus caroliniana, wild orange, cherry laurel, laurel cherry, mock orange - small flowering evergreen tree of southern United States
almond tree - any of several small bushy trees having pink or white blossoms and usually bearing nuts
cherry laurel, laurel cherry, Prunus laurocerasus - frequently cultivated Eurasian evergreen shrub or small tree having showy clusters of white flowers and glossy foliage and yielding oil similar to bitter almond oil
common bird cherry, European bird cherry, hagberry tree, Prunus padus - small European cherry tree closely resembling the American chokecherry
peach, peach tree, Prunus persica - cultivated in temperate regions
nectarine, nectarine tree, Prunus persica nectarina - variety or mutation of the peach bearing fruit with smooth skin and (usually) yellow flesh
Prunus cuneata, Prunus pumila, Prunus pumilla susquehanae, Prunus susquehanae, sand cherry - small straggling American cherry growing on sandy soil and having minute scarcely edible purplish-black fruit
blackthorn, Prunus spinosa, sloe - a thorny Eurasian bush with plumlike fruits
chokecherry tree, Prunus virginiana, chokecherry - a common wild cherry of eastern North America having small bitter black berries favored by birds
References in classic literature ?
In a distant glade I have made a spring garden round an oak tree that stands alone in the sun--groups of crocuses, daffodils, narcissus, hyacinths, and tulips, among such flowering shrubs and trees as Pirus Malus spectabilis, floribunda, and coronaria; Prunus Juliana, Mahaleb, serotina, triloba, and Pissardi; Cydonias and Weigelias in every colour, and several kinds of Crataegus and other May lovelinesses.
Prunus trees are susceptible to aphids and caterpillars, and can be attacked by diseases, including honey fungus, blossom wilt, canker and the bug that causes witches' brooms to develop.
The peach, for instance, is Prunus persica, while the apricot is Prunus armeniaca.
4 Prune hardy evergreen hedges such as yew, Prunus laurocerasus, holly and box.
IF you see a small garden tree with soft white or pink flowers over the next few weeks, don't be too surprised - it is almost certainly the autumn flowering cherry, Prunus subhirtella Autumnalis (A.
Prunus is the generic name for plums, cherries, peaches and nectarines, and applies whether they are varieties grown for fruit or the extensive range which have been bred as ornamentals.
The name 'Kwanzan' comes from the Chinese character that represents a sacred mountaln, and the 'Kwanzan' variety of Prunus serrulata is one of the showiest Japanese cherries with clusters of large, deep pink double blossoms up to 2 1/2 inches long, each with 30 petals.
Prunus are among the most spectacular of the spring and early Summer flowering trees, with some varieties of cherries in particular looking almost like giant candy floss when they are smothered in heavy blossom.
This is why the life expectancy of Prunus trees - peach, apricot, plum, cherry and almond - is only about 40 years; they are not very good at healing themselves.
THE Rosebud Cherry, Prunus subhirtella Pendula, makes a dainty tree with dropping branches that are loaded with tiny pink blossom in spring.
Cherries are not my favourite group of trees but Prunus Ama-no-Gowa can provide a superb punctuation mark in the garden as its fully fastigiate habit fills with soft pink blossom in April and then lights up with glorious reds and yellows in October as the leaves turn.
Q: I have bought a flowering cherry, Prunus tomentosa, about 60cm (2ft) tall, in a pot 20cm (8in) across.