High-resolution photographic negatives of live pseudoscorpions
were projected onto a digitizing tablet and the coordinates of 38 points along the dorsal outline of the body and right pedipalp were recorded on computer file (see Zeh and Zeh 1992b for details).
New records of pseudoscorpions
) from Chiapas, Mexico.
, ricinuleids, and the oonopid spiders the power was less than 3.
Though only distantly related to their namesake, pseudoscorpions
resemble miniature scorpions without the trademark tail and stinger.
of the family Pseudochiridiidae are very difficult to collect because of their small size.
Harvey (1991) listed 32 valid fossil pseudoscorpions
derived from Myanmar, Chinese, Baltic, and Dominican amber (see also Spahr 1993:12-20).
These defenses are most effective against microarthropod predators such as the Mesostigmata and pseudoscorpions
These arthropod fungivores (for the sake of simplicity, all arthropods that ingest detritus and/or graze fungal mycelia will be referred to as "fungivores") are preyed upon by a wide range of arthropod predators, such as mires, beetles, ants, pseudoscorpions
, centipedes, and spiders (Swift et al.
The role of pseudoscorpions
within bee nests is still poorly known.
modiglianii during 1986 while identifying Indonesian specimens of pseudoscorpions
(Harvey 1988), and made observations on the chelicerae and female genitalia.
The distribution of the pseudoscorpions
in the different components of the nests is analyzed.
Small numbers of two species of pseudoscorpions
, Tyrannnochthonius imitatus Hoff and Ideobisium puertoricense Muchmore were present in most bamboo and forest litter samples, neither of which were observed to prey on any organism.