stimulant

(redirected from Psychostimulants)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

stim·u·lant

 (stĭm′yə-lənt)
n.
1. An agent, especially a chemical agent such as caffeine, that temporarily arouses or accelerates physiological or organic activity.
2. A stimulus or an incentive: "An age of political excitement is usually a stimulant to literature" (Will Durant).
3. A food or drink, especially an alcoholic drink, believed to have a stimulating effect.
adj.
Serving as or being a stimulus; stimulating.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

stimulant

(ˈstɪmjʊlənt)
n
1. (Pharmacology) a drug or similar substance that increases physiological activity, esp of a particular organ
2. any stimulating agent or thing
adj
(Physiology) increasing physiological activity; stimulating
[C18: from Latin stimulāns goading, from stimulāre to urge on; see stimulus]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

stim•u•lant

(ˈstɪm yə lənt)

n.
1. a drug or other agent that temporarily quickens some vital process or the functional activity of some organ or part: a heart stimulant.
2. any food or beverage that stimulates, esp. coffee, tea, or, in its initial effect, alcoholic liquor.
3. a stimulus or incentive.
adj.
4. temporarily quickening some vital process or functional activity.
5. stimulating.
[1720–30; < Latin stimulant-, s. of stimulāns, present participle of stimulāre to goad. See stimulus, -ant]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

stim·u·lant

(stĭm′yə-lənt)
A drug or other substance, such as caffeine, that speeds up or excites a body system, especially the nervous system.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stimulant - any stimulating information or eventstimulant - any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
information - knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
elicitation, evocation, induction - stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors; "the elicitation of his testimony was not easy"
kick - the sudden stimulation provided by strong drink (or certain drugs); "a sidecar is a smooth drink but it has a powerful kick"
turn-on - something causing excitement or stimulating interest
negative stimulation, turnoff - something causing antagonism or loss of interest
conditioned stimulus - the stimulus that is the occasion for a conditioned response
reinforcer, reinforcing stimulus, reinforcement - (psychology) a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
discriminative stimulus, cue - a stimulus that provides information about what to do
positive stimulus - a stimulus with desirable consequences
negative stimulus - a stimulus with undesirable consequences
2.stimulant - a drug that temporarily quickens some vital process
amphetamine, pep pill, upper, speed - a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
analeptic - a medication used as a stimulant to the central nervous system
butyl nitrite, isobutyl nitrite - a colorless pungent liquid sometimes used as a stimulant drug by drug abusers
drug - a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic
kat, khat, qat, quat, African tea, Arabian tea, cat - the leaves of the shrub Catha edulis which are chewed like tobacco or used to make tea; has the effect of a euphoric stimulant; "in Yemen kat is used daily by 85% of adults"
methylphenidate, Ritalin - central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children
popper - a container of stimulant drug (amyl nitrate or butyl nitrite)
Adj.1.stimulant - that stimulates; "stimulant phenomena"
stimulative - capable of arousing or accelerating physiological or psychological activity or response by a chemical agent
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

stimulant

noun pick-me-up, tonic, restorative, upper (slang), reviver, bracer (informal) (informal), energizer, pep pill (informal), excitant, analeptic the use of a banned stimulant
downer (slang), sedative, depressant, tranquilliser, calmant
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

stimulant

noun
Something that causes and encourages a given response:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
povzbuzující prostředek
stimulansstimulerende middel
izgatószer
örvandi lyf
tonizuojantis vaistas/gėrimas
uzbudinošs līdzeklis
povzbudzujúci prostriedok

stimulant

[ˈstɪmjʊlənt]
A. ADJestimulante
B. N (= drug, coffee, cigarettes) → estimulante m, excitante m (fig) → acicate m (to para)
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

stimulant

[ˈstɪmjʊlənt] nstimulant m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

stimulant

nStimulans nt, → Anregungsmittel nt; (fig)Ansporn m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

stimulant

[ˈstɪmjʊlənt] nstimolante m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

stimulant

(ˈstimjulənt) noun
something, eg a medicine, drink etc that makes one more alert. tea, coffee and other stimulants.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

stim·u·lant

n. estimulante, agente que produce una reacción.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

stimulant

adj & n estimulante m
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast, rural counties had higher rates for drug overdose deaths involving natural and semisynthetic opioids (4.9 versus 4.3) and psychostimulants with abuse potential (4.0 versus 3.1).
The reason for the decline in 2018 was fewer deaths from heroin and prescription painkillers, but there were continuing increases in overdose deaths involving fentanyl, cocaine and psychostimulants like methamphetamines, the AP reported.
"New drugs are very dangerous because of the presence of psychostimulants in them.
Drug overdose deaths involving cocaine, psychostimulants with abuse potential (psychostimulants), or both substances combined increased 42.4% from 12,122 in 2015 to 17,258 in 2016.
The results suggest CBD could one day be used to fight addiction to psychostimulants, but it has to be used in higher doses.
Overdoses from psychostimulants like methamphetamine have increased in the same time period.
People who reported regular use (at least monthly during the past six months) of illicit psychostimulants (i.e., ecstasy, cocaine, methamphetamine, LSD, or analogues of these), were eligible for the study.
Plus, prescribing psychostimulants for adults raises the risk of misuse and diversion.
There has been a considerable increase in diagnosing adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and subsequent use of psychostimulants [1].
Upon initial diagnosis in second grade, Gail was prescribed two psychostimulants, Ritalin and Focalin, to help control her symptoms.
Although uncommon, "there is a strong association between the use of psychostimulants and peripheral vasculopathy symptoms.