It was carried on by Darius, the son of Hystaspes, and probably finished by Ptolemy II
. Strabo saw it navigated: but its decline from the point of departure, near Bubastes, to the Red Sea was so slight that it was only navigable for a few months in the year.
Watfa is the site of the ancient village Philoteris, founded by King Ptolemy II
in the 3rd century BCE and named after his second sister, Philotera.
She had married her brother Ptolemy II
and was worshipped with her statue outside every temple.
His topics include the author and his provenance, the integrity of the work and its sources, relation to other Jewish literature, the liberation of the Jewish slaves, Ptolemy II
's letter to Eleazar, Eleazer's Apologia for the law, Aristeas' praise of the translators, and the departure of the translators.
The Talmud (TB Megillah 9a-b) recounts how King Ptolemy II
(285-246 BCE) gathered seventy-two Jewish elders to translate the Torah into Greek, thus creating the earliest translation of (and commentary on) the Torah.
This catalogue-monograph shows how the Macedonian pharaoh Ptolemy II
Philadelphus (308-246 B.C.E.; ruled 285-46) was portrayed in metallic art and how that tradition of royal presentation was expressed in later figurative portraiture.
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Dating from the 3rd century BC, the style and execution of the face suggest it might depict Ptolemy II
or one of his immediate successors.
Asserting that our historical ties go back much, Mukherjee said: "Even prior to the Common Era, Emperor Ashoka's edicts record contact with Egypt under Ptolemy II
. Traders, artisans and philosophers have crossed the seas time and again to enrich each other's composite cultures.
I will argue here that the crocodile was specifically selected for Cleopatra Selene by Cleopatra VII, and that this selection was intended to recall a significant event that occurred at the foundation of the Ptolemaic dynasty, and comprised part of a wider strategy of reconstituting the empire of Ptolemy I Soter and Ptolemy II
The meaning of the word Philadelphus is "brotherly love" and in this context relates to the fact that Queen Arsinoe II Philadelphus was married to her brother, Ptolemy II
, who was her second husband.