Punjab


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Related to Punjab: Sikh, Punjabi people

Pun·jab

 (pŭn′jăb′, pŭn-jäb′)
1. A historical region of the northwest Indian subcontinent bounded by the Indus and Yamuna Rivers. It was a center of the prehistoric Indus Valley civilization and after c. 1500 bc the site of early Aryan settlements. Muslims occupied the western part of the region by the 8th century, introducing Islam, and although they later conquered the eastern part, Hinduism remained entrenched there. The Moguls brought the region to cultural eminence until their empire declined in the 18th century. The Punjab was controlled by Sikhs from 1799 to 1849, when it was annexed by Great Britain. It was partitioned between India and Pakistan in 1947.
2. A state of northwest India in the eastern part of the historical region of the Punjab. Chandigarh is the capital.
Word History: Punjab, a region of the northwest Indian subcontinent bounded by the Indus River in the west and the Yamuna in the east, comes through Hindi from Persian panj-āb, "five rivers," referring to tributaries of the Indus. Persian panj is closely related to Hindi pañc, pronounced (pŭnch), "five," the source of our punch, a drink that originally contained five ingredients. The Persian and Hindi words are descended from Indo-European *penkwe, which appears in Greek as pente, as in pentagon, and in English as five. The āb in panj-āb comes from the Indo-European root *ap-, "water, river," and is also found in our word julep, which comes ultimately from Persian gulāb, "rose water."

Punjab

(pʌnˈdʒɑːb; ˈpʌndʒɑːb)
n
1. (Placename) (formerly) a province in NW British India: divided between India and Pakistan in 1947
2. (Placename) a state of NW India: reorganized in 1966 as a Punjabi-speaking state, a large part forming the new state of Haryana; mainly agricultural. Capital: Chandigarh. Pop: 24 289 296 (2001). Area: 50 255 sq km (19 403 sq miles)
3. (Placename) a province of W Pakistan: created in 1947. Capital: Lahore. Pop: 82 710 000 (2003 est). Area: 205 344 sq km (127 595 sq miles)

Pun•jab

(pʌnˈdʒɑb, ˈpʌn dʒɑb)

n.
1. a former province in NW British India: now divided between India and Pakistan.
2. a state in NW India. 20,281,969; 19,445 sq. mi. (50,362 sq. km). Cap.: Chandigarh.
3. a province in NE Pakistan. 62,060,000; 79,284 sq. mi. (205,330 sq. km). Cap.: Lahore.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Punjab - a historical region on northwestern India and northern PakistanPunjab - a historical region on northwestern India and northern Pakistan
Bharat, India, Republic of India - a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947
Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Pakistan, West Pakistan - a Muslim republic that occupies the heartland of ancient south Asian civilization in the Indus River valley; formerly part of India; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947
Translations
Paňdžáb
Pandžabas
panjabi
پنجاب

Punjab

[ˈpʌndʒɑːb] n (also the Punjab) → le Pendjab

Punjab

n the Punjabdas Pandschab
References in classic literature ?
Who hold Zam-Zammah, that 'fire-breathing dragon', hold the Punjab, for the great green-bronze piece is always first of the conqueror's loot.
There was some justification for Kim - he had kicked Lala Dinanath's boy off the trunnions - since the English held the Punjab and Kim was English.
One of the young men of fashion - he who was found dead at the bottom of a well on the night of the earthquake had once given him a complete suit of Hindu kit, the costume of a lowcaste street boy, and Kim stored it in a secret place under some baulks in Nila Ram's timber-yard, beyond the Punjab High Court, where the fragrant deodar logs lie seasoning after they have driven down the Ravi.
Kim loafed over to the nearest tobacco-seller, a rather lively young Mohammedan woman, and begged a rank cigar of the brand that they sell to students of the Punjab University who copy English customs.
But Kim did not suspect that Mahbub Ali, known as one of the best horse-dealers in the Punjab, a wealthy and enterprising trader, whose caravans penetrated far and far into the Back of Beyond, was registered in one of the locked books of the Indian Survey Department as C25 IB.
Long and long ago, when Devadatta was King of Benares, I wrote some tales concerning Strickland of the Punjab Police (who married Miss Youghal), and Adam, his son.
"What was his defence?" said Strickland, late of the Punjab Police.
They were lighter men than the Hussars, and they carried themselves with the swing that is the peculiar right of the Punjab Frontier Force and all Irregular Horse.
- which means "with speed" - to introduce embarrassment into an Irish regiment, "already half-mutinous, quartered among Sikh peasantry, all wearing miniatures of His Highness Dhulip Singh, Maharaja of the Punjab, next their hearts, and all eagerly expecting his arrival." Other information equally valuable was given him by his masters.
He showed me the last sheets, and even read me the last paragraph, which was something like this: "The conqueror of the Punjab, a mere yellow skeleton, but still gigantic, managed to lift himself on his elbow and gasp in his nephew's ear: `I die by my own hand, yet I die murdered!'" It so happened by one chance out of a hundred, that those last words were written at the top of a new sheet of paper.
Out of the 31 matches of the championship, four will be played at the Bugti Stadium where Balochistan will be the host team against Southern Punjab (Sept 21-24, Central Punjab (Sept 28-Oct 1), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Oct 28-31) and Southern Punjab (Nov 4-7).
LAHORE -- Punjab Minister for Excise, Taxation and Narcotics Control Department Hafiz Mumtaz Ahmad called on Director General Sports Punjab Adnan Arshad Aulakh at his office here at National Hockey Stadium on Wednesday.

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