Purkinje cell


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Purkinje cell: nerve cell, Purkinje cell layer

Pur·kin·je cell

 (pûr-kĭn′jē)
n.
A large, drop-shaped, densely branching neuron that is the characteristic cell of the cerebellar cortex.

[After Johannes Evangelista von Purkinje (1787-1869), Bohemian physiologist.]

Pur•kin′je cell`

(pərˈkɪn dʒi)
n.
a large, densely branching neuron in the cerebellar cortex of the brain.
[1885–90; see Purkinje fiber]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Purkinje cell - a large densely branching neuron that is the characteristic cell of the cerebellar cortex
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
References in periodicals archive ?
Using advanced imaging, the researchers went on to show that the rescue of social behaviours correlates with reversal of specific MRI-based structural changes, cellular pathology and Purkinje cell excitability.
Necropsy revealed severe pancreatic atrophy and fibrosis with regionally extensive cerebellar encephalomalacia and generalized Purkinje cell degeneration and necrosis.
(2016) Synaptic specializations support frequency-independent Purkinje cell output from the cerebellar cortex.
They also plan to use the Purkinje cell platform to study other ASD-related genetic disorders, including Fragile X and SHANK3 mutation, and to test potential drugs.
Objective: To study and compare the histomorphological changes induced by second generation (2G), third generation (3G) and fourth generation (4G) mobile phone electromagnetic fields on the organization of Purkinje cell layer of rat cerebellum.
DSCAM expression in cerebellar Purkinje cell layers of (C) WT and (D) APP transgenic mice (indicated by arrows).
G-CSF receptors are expressed in pyramidal neurons in the cortex (mainly layers II/III and V), the Purkinje cell layer of the cerebellum, the hippocampus (hilus and CA3 field), the entorhinal cortex and the olfactory bulb.
Yi et al., "High [omega]3-polyunsaturated fatty acids in fat-1 mice prevent streptozotocin-induced Purkinje cell degeneration through BDNF-mediated autophagy," Scientific Reports, vol.
Kakei, "Releasing dentate nucleus cells from Purkinje cell inhibition generates output from the cerebrocerebellum," PLoS ONE, vol.
Carlson, "Purkinje cell death after uptake of antiyo antibodies in cerebellar slice cultures," Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, vol.