Purkinje fiber

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Purkinje fiber

One of the specialized cardiac muscle fibers, part of the impulse-conducting network of the heart, that rapidly transmit impulses from the atrioventricular node to the ventricles.

[After Johannes Evangelista von Purkinje (1787-1869), Bohemian physiologist.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Purkin′je fi`ber

any of a network of impulse-conducting muscle fibers in the walls of the ventricles of the heart.
[after Jan Evangelista Purkinje (Czech Purkyně) (1787–1869), Czech physiologist, who discovered the fibers in 1839]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Purkinje fiber - a specialized cardiac muscle fiber that is part of the Purkinje network
cardiac muscle, heart muscle - the muscle tissue of the heart; adapted to continued rhythmic contraction
Purkinje network, Purkinje's system, Purkinje's tissue - a network of Purkinje fibers that carry the cardiac impulse from the atrioventricular node to the ventricles of the heart and causes them to contract
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Proposing the term purkinjeoma: Protein Gene Product 9.5 Expression in 2 Porcine Cardiac Rhabdomyoma Indicates Possible Purkinje Fiber Cell Origin.
The electrical stimulation was first induced at the root node of Purkinje fiber model, which propagates to the terminals, hence stimulating the ventricular tissue.
Hoen, "Nerve Purkinje fiber relationship in the moderator band of bovine and caprine heart," Cell and Tissue Research, vol.
Other topics include recent insights into the molecular pathophysiology of viral myocarditis, anti-platelet drugs, transplant arteriopathy, induction and patterning of the Purkinje fiber network, therapeutic angiogenesis for ischemic vascular disease, and diabetes mellitus.
Further, a previous study showed that the insertion sites were abundant with Purkinje fibers and cholinesterase-containing nerve fascicles, which gave rise to the possibility that a mechanical stretch of RV might influence its electrophysiological properties.[8] In addition, the APM, also a potential substrate for idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia, is anatomically connected with MB, and ablation of the ventricular insertion to papillary muscle proved a perfect target for PM-origin ventricular arrhythmia.[9]
the sub-endocardial network of terminal Purkinje fibers and the