pyrimidine

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Related to Pyrimidine nucleotides: Adenine nucleotides

py·rim·i·dine

 (pī-rĭm′ĭ-dēn′, pĭ-)
n.
1. A single-ringed, crystalline organic base, C4H4N2, that is the parent compound of a large group of biologically important compounds.
2. Any of a group of substituted derivatives of pyrimidine, including the nitrogen bases uracil, cytosine, and thymine, which are components of nucleic acids. Barbiturates and certain other drugs are also pyrimidines.

[Alteration of pyridine.]

pyrimidine

(paɪˈrɪmɪˌdiːn)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a liquid or crystalline organic compound with a penetrating odour; 1,3-diazine. It is a weakly basic soluble heterocyclic compound and can be prepared from barbituric acid. Formula: C4H4N2
2. (Elements & Compounds) Also called: pyrimidine base any of a number of similar compounds having a basic structure that is derived from pyrimidine, including cytosine, thymine, and uracil, which are constituents of nucleic acids
[C20: variant of pyridine]

py•rim•i•dine

(paɪˈrɪm ɪˌdin, pɪ-)

n.
1. a heterocyclic compound, C4H4N2, that is the basis of several important biochemical substances.
2. one of several pyrimidine derivatives, esp. the bases cytosine, thymine, and uracil, which are fundamental constituents of nucleic acids.
[1880–85;b. pyridine and imide]

py·rim·i·dine

(pī-rĭm′ĭ-dēn′)
Any of a group of organic compounds having a single ring with alternating carbon and nitrogen atoms. Pyrimidines include the bases cytosine, thymine, and uracil, which are components of nucleic acids.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pyrimidine - any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
alkali, base - any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"
cytosine, C - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
T, thymine - a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
2.pyrimidine - a heterocyclic organic compound with a penetrating odor
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
Translations
pyrimidine
References in periodicals archive ?
5' propynyl-modified pyrimidine nucleotides (shown in bold) were positioned at universally conserved positions within these primers to extend the breadth of broad-range priming to allow efficient PCR from all CoV species tested.
Pyrimidine nucleotides are essential for a vast number of biological processes, such as the synthesis of RNA, DNA, phospholipids, and glycogen and the sialylation and glycosylation of proteins (1).
The nucleotides of the purines adenine and hypoxanthine yield mainly 3[prime],5[prime]-linked phosphodiester bonds (67% and 90%, respectively), while the pyrimidine nucleotides of uracil and cytosine yielded predominantly 2[prime],5[prime]-linked nucleotides (50%-75%).